Fructus Viticis(Shrub Chaste-tree Fruit).

TCM Herbalism:Medicinals and Classifications. ✵The TCM herbalism is also known as pharmaceutics of Traditional Chinese Medicine, or Chinese pharmaceutics, is the branch of health science dealing with the preparation, dispensing, and proper utilization of Chinese herbs. It is majorly composed of Introduction of Chinese Medicinals, Classification of Chinese Herbs, Formulas, and Patent medicines.

Classifications of Herbs:Pungent-cool Exterior-releasing Herbs.

 TCM Herbs Icon01 Introduction: Pungent-cool exterior-releasing herbs: an agent or substance herbs pungent in flavor and cool in property, which is usually used for treating a wind-heat exterior syndrome.

Classifications of Herbs.

 TCM Herbs Icon 02 Introduction: The pungent-cool exterior-releasing herbs are known including:, , , , , , , , , , , , .

 ✵Till the date Oct 10th,2019, there are totally [13] kinds of common TCM herbs, [21] kinds of related plant species, [1] kind of insect species, are recorded in this category. These pungent-cool exterior-releasing herbs are briefly introduced separately:

Fructus Viticis(Shrub Chaste-tree Fruit).

 Vitex trifolia Brief Introduction: The herb Fructus Viticis is the dried ripe fruit of simple-leaved chaste tree, Vitex simplicifolia Cham., or three-leaved chaste tree, Vitex trifolia L.(family Verbenaceae), used for treating wind-heat affliction with fever and headache, acute conjunctivitis, blurred vision and dizziness. The herb is commonly known as Fructus Viticis, Shrub Chaste-tree Fruit, Màn Jīnɡ Zǐ.

 ✵The herb Fructus Viticis(Shrub Chaste-tree Fruit) is the dried ripe fruit of the (1). Vitex simplicifolia Cham., or (2). Vitex trifolia L., they are plants of the Vitex genus, the Lamiaceae or Labiatae(mint or deadnettle family) family of the Lamiales order. These 2 commonly used species are introduced as:

 Vitex trifolia L. var. simplicifolia Plant (1).Vitex simplicifolia Cham.:  The Vitex trifolia L. var. simplicifolia Cham., is commonly known as "Simplicifolia Vitex", "Simple leaf Vitex", "Vitex rotundifolia L.", or "Dan Ye Manjing", deciduous shrubs, plant height is about 2 meters. The whole plant is gray-white pilose. The main stem squatted on the ground, the adventitious roots are often found on the nodes, the young branches are four-sided, and the old branches are nearly circular. Leaves opposite, shortly stipitate; leaf blade obovate to elliptic, apex obtuse, base cuneate, entire, 2.5~5 cm long, 1.5~3 cm wide, greenish surface, pink white abaxially; lateral veins ca. 8 pairs. Inflorescences terminal; calyx campanulate, apex 5-toothed; corolla lavender, apex 5-lobed, below 1 lobe largest, broadly ovate, with hairs on inside and below middle part; 4 stamens, extending outside corolla tube; ovary globose, dense glands, stigma split. Drupe spherical, the diameter is about 5-7 mm, with a place. Its flowering period is from July to August, fruiting from August to October.

 Vitex trifolia L.Plant (2).Vitex trifolia L.:  The Vitex trifolia L., is commonly known as "Vitex trifolia", or "Manjing", deciduous shrubs, rarely small trees, 1.5~5 meters high, scented; branchlets quadrangular, densely pubescent. Usually three compound leaves, sometimes with single leaves on lateral branches, petiole 1~3 cm long; leaflets ovate, obovate or obovate-oblong, 2.5~9 cm long, 1~3 cm wide, blunt or mucronate, base cuneate, entire, surface green, glabrous or puberulent, abaxially densely grayish white hairs, lateral veins approx. 8 pairs, slightly raised on both sides, leaflets sessile or sometimes midvein base extending shortly. Inflorescences terminal, 3~15 cm long, peduncle densely gray-white tomentose; calyx bell-shaped, apically 5-lobed, outside fluffy; corolla lavender or bluish-purple, 6~10 mm long, outer and throat hairy, corolla tube densely villous, apical 5-lobed, 2-lipped, middle lobe is larger in lower lip; 4 stamens, protruding outside corolla; ovary glabrous, densely glandular; styles glabrous, stigma 2-lobed. Drupe subrounded, ca. 5 mm in diameter, black at maturity; fruit preserved, outer grayish tomentose. Its flowering period is in July, fruiting from September to November.


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