Flos Chrysanthemi(Chrysanthemum Flower).

TCM Herbalism:Medicinals and Classifications. ✵The TCM herbalism is also known as pharmaceutics of Traditional Chinese Medicine, or Chinese pharmaceutics, is the branch of health science dealing with the preparation, dispensing, and proper utilization of Chinese herbs. It is majorly composed of Introduction of Chinese Medicinals, Classification of Chinese Herbs, Formulas, and Patent medicines.

Classifications of Herbs:Pungent-cool Exterior-releasing Herbs.

 TCM Herbs Icon01 Introduction: Pungent-cool exterior-releasing herbs: an agent or substance herbs pungent in flavor and cool in property, which is usually used for treating a wind-heat exterior syndrome.

Classifications of Herbs.

 TCM Herbs Icon 02 Introduction: The pungent-cool exterior-releasing herbs are known including:, , , , , , , , , , , , .

 ✵Till the date Oct 10th,2019, there are totally [13] kinds of common TCM herbs, [21] kinds of related plant species, [1] kind of insect species, are recorded in this category. These pungent-cool exterior-releasing herbs are briefly introduced separately:

Flos Chrysanthemi(Chrysanthemum Flower).

 Chrysanthemum Flower Brief Introduction: The herb Flos Chrysanthemi is the dried flower-head of Chrysanthemum morifolium Ramat.(family Compositae), used (1).to disperse wind and heat in the treatment of wind-heat affliction with fever and headache, (2).to pacify the liver and brighten the eyes for treating acute conjunctivitis, and dizziness in hyperactive liver Yang, and (3).to clear heat and counteract toxins for treating boils and sores. The herb is commonly known as Flos Chrysanthemi, Chrysanthemum Flower, Jú Huā.

 ✵The herb Flos Chrysanthemi is the dried flower-head of the Chrysanthemum morifolium Ramat., it is commonly known as Chrysanthemum Flower, it is a plant of the Chrysanthemums(mums or chrysanths) genus, the Asteraceae(Compositae) family of the Asterales order. This commonly used species is introduced as:

 Chrysanthemum morifolium Ramat. The Chrysanthemum morifolium Ramat. The plant is commonly known as Chrysanthemum flowers or Ju Hua, are perennial in their original form, 50~140 cm tall, and all are densely covered with white fuzz. The base of the stem is slightly lignified, slightly purplish red, and young branches are slightly ribbed. Leaves are alternate, ovate or ovate-lanceolate, 3.5~5 cm long, 3~4 cm wide, apex obtuse, base subcordate or broadly cuneate, margin usually pinnately deeply lobed, lobes coarsely serrate or heavily serrate, both sides are densely covered with white hairs; petioles have shallow grooves. Headform inflorescences axillary, 2.5~5 cm in diameter; trichomes hemispherical, sepals 3~4 layers, green, coats, marginal membranous, pale brown, outer sepals are smaller, ovate or ovate lanceolate, second layer sepals are broadly ovate, inner sepals are oblong; receptacles are small, convex, hemispherical; ray flowers female, located at margin, tongue linear-long, ca. as long as 3 cm, apex obtuse, white, yellow, reddish or lavender, stamenless, 1 pistil, style is short, stigma 2-lobed; tubular flower bisexual, centrally located, yellow, with 1 ovate membranous scale outside each flower, corolla tube length 4 mm, apex 5-lobed, lobes triangular-ovate, 5 stamens, polypetalous, filaments are very short, isolated, 1 pistil, ovary sub position, oblong, style linear, stigma 2-lobed. Achenes oblong, 4-sided, apically truncated, smooth and glabrous. Its flowering period is from September to November, fruiting period is from October to November.


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