Introduction of Xi He Liu:Cacumen Tamaricis or Chinese Tamarisk Twig.

TCM Herbalism:Medicinals and Classifications. ✵The TCM herbalism is also known as pharmaceutics of Traditional Chinese Medicine, or Chinese pharmaceutics, is the branch of health science dealing with the preparation, dispensing, and proper utilization of Chinese herbs. It is majorly composed of Introduction of Chinese Medicinals, Classification of Chinese Herbs, Formulas, and Patent medicines.

Classifications of Herbs:Pungent-cool Exterior-releasing Herbs.

 TCM Herbs Icon01 Introduction: Pungent-cool exterior-releasing herbs: an agent or substance herbs pungent in flavor and cool in property, which is usually used for treating a wind-heat exterior syndrome.

 
Classifications of Herbs.

 TCM Herbs Icon 02 Introduction: The pungent-cool exterior-releasing herbs are known including:, , , , , , , , , , , , .

 ✵Till the date Oct 10th,2019, there are totally [13] kinds of common TCM herbs, [21] kinds of related plant species, [1] kind of insect species, are recorded in this category. These pungent-cool exterior-releasing herbs are briefly introduced separately:

 
Cacumen Tamaricis(Chinese Tamarisk Twig).

Chinese Tamarisk Twig Pin Yin Name: Xī Hé Liǔ.
 English Name: Chinese Tamarisk Twig.
 Latin Name: Cacumen Tamaricis.
 Property and flavor: plain, pungent, sweet.

 Brief introduction: The herb Cacumen Tamaricis is the dried young green twig of Tamarix chinensis Lour.(family Tamaricaceae), used for measles to promote eruption, and also for rheumatism to relieve arthralgia. The herb is commonly known as Cacumen Tamaricis, Chinese Tamarisk Twig, Xī Hé Liǔ.

 Botanical source: The herb Cacumen Tamaricis(Chinese Tamarisk Twig) is the dried young green twig and leaves of Tamarix chinensis Lour., it is a plant of the Tamarix L. genus, the Tamaricaceae family of the Parietales order. It is also known as Chinese Tamarisk Twig.

 Tamarix chinensis Lour. Common official herbal classics and other famous herbal classics defined the herb Cacumen Tamaricis(Chinese Tamarisk Twig) as the dried young green twig and leaves of:(1). Tamarix chinensis Lour. This commonly used species is introduced as:

 (1).Tamarix chinensis Lour.:
 Botanical description: It is also known as Tamarisk willow, Xī Hé Liǔ(literally it means West River Willow). Deciduous shrubs or small trees. Branches are dense, green or reddish, slender, often pendulous. Leaves are alternate, minute, scaly, ovate-triangular, apex acuminate, base sheathed clasped, sessile. Racemes are evacuated panicles; Flowers are small, white to pink, bracts triangular; 5 sepals, 5 petals, filaments are longer than corolla, disk 10 or 5 lobed; Ovary superior, 1-locule, 3 styles. Capsule is small. Seed apex tufted. Its flowering period is from April to September, fruiting period is from August to October.

 Tamarix chinensis Lour. Growth characteristics: The tree grows in hilly, humid, sandy, and alkaline lands and riverbank alluvial lands. The herb is mainly produced in Hebei and Henan province, and most parts of China.

 Characters of herbs: The stem branches of this herb are thin cylindrical, the diameter is 0.5~1.5 mm. The surface is grayish-green, with many alternate scaly lobules. It is brittle and easily broken. The surface of the slightly coarser branches are reddish-brown, the leaf blade often exfoliates and remains protuberant leaf base, the fracture surface is yellow-white, central medullary. Slight smell and the taste is light.

 Medicinal efficacy: Dispel wind, detoxification, promoting eruption, indicated for measles without adequate eruption, rheumatism, and numbness pain.

 Administration of Cacumen Tamaricis(Xī Hé Liǔ): 
 
Reference: Administration Guide of Cacumen Tamaricis(Xī Hé Liǔ)
TCM Books: Internally:3~6 grams,water decoction.Externally:proper amount, scrub and wash with water decoction(CP).


 
 
References:
  • 1.Introduction of Xi He Liu:Cacumen Tamaricis or Chinese Tamarisk Twig.
  • 2.TCM Books:DCTM(Dictionary of the Chinese Traditional Medicine),CHMM(Chinese Herbal Materia Medica).

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