Fructus Tribuli(Puncture-vine Caltrop Fruit).

TCM Herbalism:Medicinals and Classifications. ✵The TCM herbalism is also known as pharmaceutics of Traditional Chinese Medicine, or Chinese pharmaceutics, is the branch of health science dealing with the preparation, dispensing, and proper utilization of Chinese herbs. It is majorly composed of Introduction of Chinese Medicinals, Classification of Chinese Herbs, Formulas, and Patent medicines.

Classifications of Herbs:Herbs Pacifying the liver and extinguishing wind.

 TCM Herbs Icon13 Introduction: Herbs pacifying the liver and extinguishing wind: also known as liver-pacifying and wind-extinguishing herb, an agent or substance herbs that pacifies the liver, suppresses exuberant Yang, extinguishes endogenous wind and controls spasms or tremors.

Classifications of Herbs.

 TCM Herbs Icon 13 Introduction: The herbs pacifying the liver and extinguishing wind are known including:, , , , , , ,.

 ✵Till the date Oct 10th,2019, there are totally [8] kinds of common TCM herbs, [3] kinds of related plant species, [4] kinds of related insects species, [10] kinds of related animal species, [1] kind of related minerals, are recorded in this category. These herbs pacifying the liver and extinguishing wind are briefly introduced separately:

Fructus Tribuli(Puncture-vine Caltrop Fruit).

 Fructus Tribuli Brief Introduction: The herb Fructus Tribuli is the dried fruit of Tribulus terrestris L.(family Zygophylaceae), used (1).to pacify and soothe the liver for treating headache, vertigo, thoracic and hypochondriac pain, and mastitis due to depressed liver Qi, (2).to improve vision in cases of conjunctivitis and nebula, and (3).to dispel wind in cases of urticaria and pruritus. The herb is commonly known as Fructus Tribuli, Puncture-vine Caltrop Fruit, Jí Lí.

 ✵Common herbal classics defined the herb Fructus Tribuli, or the Puncturevine Caltrop Fruit(Ci Ji Li) as the fruit of the Zygophyllaceae family plant species (1). Tribulus terrestris L., or (2). Tribulus cistoides L. These 2 commonly used species are introduced as:

 Tribulus terrestris L.(1).Tribulus terrestris L.: The Tribulus terrestris L. is a plant of the Zygophyllaceae family and Tribulus(puncture vine) genus, it is commonly known as "Puncturevine Caltrop", or "Ji Li",(and many other names including goat's-head, bindii, bullhead, burra gokharu, bhakhdi, caltrop, small caltrops, cat's-head, devil's eyelashes, devil's-thorn, devil's-weed, puncture vine, puncturevine, and tackweed.). Annual herb. Stems usually branched from the base, lying on the ground, with ribs, up to 1 meter long; whole plant silk-like pilose. Stipules lanceolate, small and pointed, ca. 3 mm; leaves with even-pinnate leaves, opposite, long and short; long leaves 3~5 cm; width 1.5~2 cm, usually with 6~8 Leaflets; leaflets 1~2 cm long, with 3~5 pairs of leaflets; leaflets opposite, oblong, 4~15 mm long, apex acute or obtuse, surface glabrous or with filamented hairs only along midvein, White lush filamentous hair. Flowers pale yellow, small, neat, simple leaf axils; pedicels 4~10 mm long, sometimes up to 20 mm; 5 calyxes, ovate-lanceolate, acuminate, ca. 4 mm, abaxially hairy, persistent; 5 petals, obovate, apex slightly truncate, alternate with sepals; 10 stamens, inserted at base of panicle, base scaly glandular. Ovary 5 carpels. Fruit from the fruit, pentagonal or spherical, composed of five petals arranged in a star-shaped, each with a length of thorns spines on each one, abaxially scabrous and tumorous protrusions. It is flowering from May to August, the fruiting period from June to September.

 Ecological environment: The Tribulus Terrestris L. grows on the hills, fields and fields side. Geographical distribution: This species is mainly distributed in China provinces from north to south. It is native to warm temperate and tropical regions of the Old World in Southern Europe, southern Asia, and Australia. And this species is widely distributed around the world.

 Tribulus cistoides L.(2).Tribulus cistoides L.: The Tribulus cistoides L. is a plant of the Zygophyllaceae family and Tribulus(puncture vine) genus, it is commonly known as "Big Flower Tribulus", or "Da Hua Ji Li",(and known in several other synonyms, including Kallstroemia cistoides (L.) Endl., Tribulus alacranensis Millsp., Tribulus moluccanus Decne., Tribulus sericeus Andersson., Tribulus terrestris var. cistoides (L.) Oliv.)., perennial herb. Creeping or ascending, densely pilose. Leaves opposite, 2.5~4.5 cm long, 4~7 pairs of leaflets; leaflets subsessile or shortly stalked, papery, oblong or obovate-oblong, apex subacute and acute, base partial Stipe; stipule opposite, lanceolate or near sickle, ca. 6 mm. Flowers are large, solitary axils, ca. 3 cm in diam .; pedicels ca. as long as leaves; sepals lanceolate, ca. 8 mm, outside villous; petals obovate-oblong, ca. 20 mm; Horsetail, style stout, about 2 mm, stigma lobes small. Fruit tablets long 8~12 mm, a small tumor and sharp thorns 2~4. It is flowering in May.

 Ecological environment: The Tribulus cistoides L. grows in beach sand beach or wasteland, in fields, roadside, and riverside grass. Produced everywhere. Geographical distribution: This species is mainly distributed in north, the middle reaches area of the Yellow River, the lower reaches area of the Yangtze River, Hainan, southwest area of China. This species is also known as "Jamaican feverplant" or puncture vine, widely distributed in tropical and subtropical regions.

 Trait identification: This product is composed of 5 fruit petals, radially arranged, with a diameter of 7~12 mm. Often divided into a single valve, the valve of the split fruit, hatchet shape, 3~6 mm long; The back is yellow-green, raised, with longitudinal edges and most small spines, and a pair of symmetrical long spines and short spines, both sides are rough, reticulating, pale. Qualitative hard. Odorless, bitter and pungent.


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