Folium et Flos Wikstroemiae Chamaedephnis(Chamaedaphne Leaf and Flower,Yellow Genkwa Leaf and Flower).

TCM Herbalism:Medicinals and Classifications. ✵The TCM herbalism is also known as pharmaceutics of Traditional Chinese Medicine, or Chinese pharmaceutics, is the branch of health science dealing with the preparation, dispensing, and proper utilization of Chinese herbs. It is majorly composed of Introduction of Chinese Medicinals, Classification of Chinese Herbs, Formulas, and Patent medicines.

Classifications of Herbs:Diuretics and Hydragogues Herbs:Herbs Hydragogues or Drastic Purgatives.

 TCM Herbs Icon09 Introduction: Herbs Hydragogues or Drastic Purgatives: also known as diuretic hydragogue herbs, an agent or substance herbs that causes copious discharge of water through catharsis and at the same time increases urine excretion.

Classifications of Herbs.

 TCM Herbs Icon 09 Introduction: The Diuretics and Hydragogues Herbs:Herbs Hydragogues or Drastic Purgatives are known including:, , , , , , , .

 ✵Till the date Oct 10th,2019, there are totally [8] kinds of common TCM herbs, [7] kinds of related plant species, are recorded in this category. These diuretics and hydragogues herbs: hydragogues or drastic purgatives herbs are briefly introduced separately:

Folium et Flos Wikstroemiae Chamaedephnis(Chamaedaphne Leaf and Flower,Yellow Genkwa Leaf and Flower).

 Yellow Genkwa Leaf and Flower Brief Introduction: The herb Folium et Flos Wikstroemiae Chamaedephnis is the leaf and flower-bud of Wikstroemia chamaedphne Meisn.(family Thymeleaceae), it is used in a similar way to Flos Genkwa, and also for treating acute and chronic hepatitis, schizophrenia, and epilepsy. The herb is commonly known as Folium et Flos Wikstroemiae Chamaedephnis, Chamaedaphne Leaf and Flower, Yellow Genkwa Leaf and Flower, Huáng Yuán Huā.

 ✵Official herbal classics and other famous herbal classics defined the herb Folium et Flos Wikstroemiae Chamaedephnis(Chamaedaphne Leaf and Flower, Yellow Genkwa Leaf and Flower) as the flower-bud of the species (1). Wikstroemia chamaedphne Meisn. It is a plant of the Daphne Linn. Genus, the Thymelaeaceae family of the Myrtales order. This commonly used species is introduced as:

 Wikstroemia chamaedphne Meisn. (1).Wikstroemia chamaedphne Meisn.:  It is commonly known as Hé Shuò Ráo Huā. A deciduous small shrub, 30~120 cm tall, branching many and slender, glabrous, old branches brownish yellow, young branches green, easily broken, section visible white spongy fibers. Leaves opposite or subopposite, petiole short. Leaf-blade lanceolate, smooth glabrous, green above, slightly shriveled after drying, grayish-green below, smooth, 2.5~5.5 cm long, 0.2~1 cm wide, entire, apex acute, base cuneate or acuminate, margin slightly rolled down, white spongy fibers at veins visible at fracture. Inflorescences terminal umbel, a constant collection of panicles. Perianth tubular, yellow, apex 4-lobed, 8 stamens, twirling into perianth tube; Ovary inferior, elliptic, stigma short, rounded. Drupe is ovate. Its flowering period is from June to August, fruiting from September. Light smell, taste pungent, astringent, stimulating.

 Wikstroemia chamaedphne Meisn. Ecological environment: The plant grows on the hillside, roadside, ditch edge, and grass. The plant mainly distributes in the north, northwest, the middle reaches area of the Yellow River, and other areas of China.

 Trait identification: Flowers are rod-shaped or slender long tubular, mostly scattered in clusters, bisexual, not with petals, calyx cylindric and thin, rarely curved, 3~8 mm long, surface grayish-green or yellowish, densely pubescent, apex lobes 1/6-1/4 of full length, abaxially also pubescent. Anatomical observation showed that calyx apex lobes were also 4, ovoid, 8 stamens, arranged in 2 rows, inserted in calyx tube, without filaments. The smell is weak, sweet-spicy taste. The herb which is fresh, neat and clean color is better.


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