Introduction of Bai Fu Zi:Giant Typhonium Tuber or Rhizoma Typhonii.

TCM Herbalism:Medicinals and Classifications. ✵The TCM herbalism is also known as pharmaceutics of Traditional Chinese Medicine, or Chinese pharmaceutics, is the branch of health science dealing with the preparation, dispensing, and proper utilization of Chinese herbs. It is majorly composed of Introduction of Chinese Medicinals, Classification of Chinese Herbs, Formulas, and Patent medicines.

Classifications of Herbs:expectorants,herbs for resolving cold-phlegm.

 TCM Herbs Icon03 Introduction: Expectorants,herbs for resolving cold-phlegm: an agent or substance herbs warm in property, used in treating disorders of cold-phlegm or phlegm-dampness.

 
Classifications of Herbs.

 TCM Herbs Icon 03 Introduction: The expectorants, herbs for resolving cold-phlegm are known including:, , , , , , .

 ✵Till the date Oct 10th,2019, there are totally [7] kinds of common TCM herbs, [11] kinds of related plant species, are recorded in this category. These expectorants, herbs for resolving cold-phlegm are briefly introduced separately:

 
Rhizoma Typhonii(Giant Typhonium Tuber).

Giant Typhonium Tuber Pin Yin Name: Bái Fù Zǐ.
 English Name: Giant Typhonium Tuber.
 Latin Name: Rhizoma Typhonii.
 Property and flavor: warm, pungent, toxic.

 Brief introduction: The herb Rhizoma Typhonii is the dried tuber of Typhonium giganteum Engl. (family Araceae), used as (1).an expectorant for a cough with profuse phlegm, and (2).an anticonvulsive for epilepsy or tetanus.

 Botanical source: The herb Rhizoma Typhonii(Giant Typhonium Tuber) is the dried tuber of Typhonium giganteum Engl., it is a plant of Typhonium genus, the Araceae family of the Alismatales order. It is also known as Rhizoma Typhonii, Giant typhonium rhizome, Bái Fù Zǐ.

 Common official herbal classics and other famous herbal classics defined the herb Rhizoma Typhonii(Giant Typhonium Tuber) as the dried tuber of:(1). Typhonium giganteum Engl., This commonly used species is introduced as:

 Typhonium giganteum Engl. (1).Typhonium giganteum Engl.:
 Botanical description: Perennial herbs, often tall. The subterranean tuber is like taro, ovoid to ovoid oval, outside is dark brown small scales. 1~7 leaves(related to age); Petiole hypertrophy fleshy, the lower part is often pale pink or purple stripe, up to 40 cm; Leaf blade triangular-ovate, halberd-shaped arrow or ovate-shaped broadly elliptic, 10~40 cm long, 7~30 cm wide, initially curled inward like an Angle, then developed, apex acuminate. Pedicels drawn from tubers, with red patches between greens; Tubules purplish red, cylindrical or oblong-ovate, apex acuminate and curved, eaves ovate, up to 15 cm; Inflorescence of fleshy spike located in the bud of Buddha, about 14 cm long; Female inflorescence and neutral inflorescence each about 3 cm long; Male inflorescence about 2 cm long; Appendage cylindrical, erect, ca. 6 cm long, purplish, not protruding from buddha spout; Male flower golden yellow, stamen has 2 anthers, drug chamber top hole crack; Neutral linear, pendulous, pale yellow; Female flowers brownish-red. Berries are red when ripe. Its flowering period is from June to August, fruiting from July to October.

 Typhonium giganteum Engl. Ecological environment: the plant grows in dank forest, mountain stream, gully, and cropland. Resource distribution: It distributes in the south of latitude 42 degrees north, including the southern part of Xizang. Besides, it also distributes in the middle and lower reaches areas of the Yangtze River, and other areas of China.

 Growth characteristics: The plant grows under forests or in damp places in gullies.

 Characters of herbs: tuber ovoid or elliptic, 2~5 cm long, 1~3 cm in diameter, apex residual stem or bud trace. Surface white or light yellow slightly smooth, ring and dot shape very mark. Hard, cross-sectional white silty. No smell light, spicy tongue thorn. The herb with big, qualitative and solid, color white, powder content sufficient is good.

 Pharmacological actions: The herb has analgesic, sedative, anti-convulsion, antibacterial, anti-tetanus toxin, anticancer action, can relieve cough and expectorant, inhibit tuberculosis bacilli, but also can reduce serum cholesterol.

 Medicinal efficacy: Reduce wind phlegm, calm the frightened and convulsion, detoxify and eliminate stagnation, analgesic. Indicated for the treatment of phlegm obstructing stroke, headache with phlegm syncope, migraine headache and aching all over the head, pharyngitis(inflammation of the fauces and pharynx), and pharyngalgia, tetanus, external for scrofula and superficial nodule, poisonous snake bite, etc.

 Administration of Rhizoma Typhonii(Bái Fù Zǐ): 
 
Reference: Administration Guide of Rhizoma Typhonii(Bái Fù Zǐ)
TCM Books: Internally:3~6 grams(CP) or 3~6 grams(CHMM), water decoction; grinded to fine powder and prepared to pills, powder, 0.5~1 gram(CHMM), take as powder with water.Externally:proper amount,mashed into paste,prepare paste and apply stick at the affected area.


 
 
References:
  • 1.Introduction of Bai Fu Zi:Giant Typhonium Tuber or Rhizoma Typhonii.
  • 2.TCM Books:DCTM(Dictionary of the Chinese Traditional Medicine),CHMM(Chinese Herbal Materia Medica).

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