Radix Adenophorae(Fourleaf Ladybell Root).

TCM Herbalism:Medicinals and Classifications. ✵The TCM herbalism is also known as pharmaceutics of Traditional Chinese Medicine, or Chinese pharmaceutics, is the branch of health science dealing with the preparation, dispensing, and proper utilization of Chinese herbs. It is majorly composed of Introduction of Chinese Medicinals, Classification of Chinese Herbs, Formulas, and Patent medicines.

Classifications of Herbs:Expectorants,Herbs for Resolving Heat-Phlegm.

 TCM Herbs Icon03 Introduction: Expectorants,herbs for resolving heat-phlegm: an agent or substance herbs warm in property, used in treating disorders of heat-phlegm or phlegm-dampness.

Classifications of Herbs.

 TCM Herbs Icon 03 Introduction: The expectorants, herbs for resolving heat-phlegm are known including:, , , , , , , , , , .

 ✵Till the date Oct 10th,2019, there are totally [11] kinds of common TCM herbs, [18] kinds of related plant species,[1] kind of mineral, are recorded in this category. These expectorants, herbs for resolving heat-phlegm are briefly introduced separately:

Radix Adenophorae(Fourleaf Ladybell Root).

 Adenophora tetraphylla Brief Introduction: The herb Radix Adenophorae is the dried root of Adenophora tetraphylla(Thunb.) Fisch., or Adenophora stricta Miq.(family Campanulaceae), used to nourish Yin, clear the lung, resolve phlegm and replenish Qi for relieving cough in cases of lung Yin deficiency, and deficiency of Qi and fluid in the late stage of a febrile disease. The herb is commonly known as Radix Adenophorae, Fourleaf Ladybell Root, Nán Shā Shēn.

 ✵The herb Radix Adenophorae(Fourleaf Ladybell Root) is the dried root of Adenophora tetraphylla(Thunb.) Fisch., or Adenophora stricta Miq., they are plants of the Adenophora Fisch. Genus, the Campanulaceae family of the Asterales order.

 Adenophora stricta Miq. Adenophora stricta Miq.: Perennial herb, stem height is 40~80 cm. Unbranched, often short bristles or villous. Basal leaves heart-shaped, large and with a long handle; stem leaves sessile, or only the lower part of the leaf has a very short stalk winged; leaf blade elliptic, narrowly ovate, base cuneate, long 3~11 cm, width 1.5~5 cm. Apex acute or shortly acuminate, margin irregular jagged, two sparsely haired or hirsute, or close to the hair. Unbranched inflorescence learn from false racemes, or made extremely narrow short branching panicles, rarely with long branches from panicles; pedicels less than 5 mm; calyx pubescent often die granular Mao, a small hairless, tube often obovate, rarely obovate conical, 5 lobes, narrow, mostly diamond-shaped, a few strips lanceolate; corolla broadly campanulate, blue or purple, outside glabrous or hirsute, 5 lobes, triangular-shaped oval; disc short tubular, glabrous; 5 stamens, filaments expanded into the lower part of the sheet, anthers slender; style often slightly longer than corolla, stigma 3-lobed,ovary inferior, 3 rooms. Capsule oval-shaped ball, little oval-shaped, long 6~10 mm. Seeds numerous, brown, slightly flat, there is an edge, about 1.5 cm. Its flowering and fruiting period is from August to October.


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