Introduction of Tian Zhu Huang:Tabashir or Concretio Silicea Bambusae.

TCM Herbalism:Medicinals and Classifications. ✵The TCM herbalism is also known as pharmaceutics of Traditional Chinese Medicine, or Chinese pharmaceutics, is the branch of health science dealing with the preparation, dispensing, and proper utilization of Chinese herbs. It is majorly composed of Introduction of Chinese Medicinals, Classification of Chinese Herbs, Formulas, and Patent medicines.

Classifications of Herbs:Expectorants,Herbs for Resolving Heat-Phlegm.

 TCM Herbs Icon03 Introduction: Expectorants,herbs for resolving heat-phlegm: an agent or substance herbs warm in property, used in treating disorders of heat-phlegm or phlegm-dampness.

 
Classifications of Herbs.

 TCM Herbs Icon 03 Introduction: The expectorants, herbs for resolving heat-phlegm are known including:, , , , , , , , , , .

 ✵Till the date Oct 10th,2019, there are totally [11] kinds of common TCM herbs, [18] kinds of related plant species,[1] kind of mineral, are recorded in this category. These expectorants, herbs for resolving heat-phlegm are briefly introduced separately:

 
Concretio Silicea Bambusae(Tabashir).

Tabashir Pin Yin Name: Tiān Zhú Huánɡ.
 English Name: Tabashir.
 Latin Name: Concretio Silicea Bambusae.
 Property and flavor: cold, sweet.

 Brief introduction: The herb Concretio Silicea Bambusae is the dried masses of secretion in the stem of Bambusa textilis McClure, or Schizostachyum chinense Rendle(family Gramineae), used to clear heat, cleanse the heart of phlegm for the treatment of impaired consciousness in high fever and stroke, and also for infantile convulsion. The herb is commonly known as Concretio Silicea Bambusae, Tabashir, Tiān Zhú Huánɡ.

 Botanical source: The herb Concretio Silicea Bambusae(Tabashir) is the dried masses of secretion in the stem of Bambusa textilis McClure, or Schizostachyum chinense Rendle, they are plants of the Bambusa Retz. corr. Schreber genus, the Gramineae family of the Graminales order.

 Common official herbal classics and other famous herbal classics defined the herb Concretio Silicea Bambusae(Tabashir) as the dried masses of secretion in the stem of:(1). Bambusa textilis McClure., or (2). Schizostachyum chinense Rendle. These 2 commonly used species are introduced as:

 Aster tataricus L.f. (1).Bambusa textilis McClure.:
 Botanical description: The rod is up to 9~12 meters, diameter 3~5 cm. Rod erect, apex slightly drooping, internode 35~60 cm long, when young, white powder and dense up pale bristles; Branchlets grow in clusters at nodes, the main branch slender and long, the rest shorter, up to 2 meters. Bamboo wall is thin, 3~5 mm, near base several segments without buds; Sheath slant, sheath thickly leathery, hard and shiny, apex slightly convex with wide arc of asymmetry, abaxially often glabrous or abaxially appressed with dark brown readily pubescent; Sheath auricle small, oblong, ca. 2 mm high, nearly equal, both surfaces covered with small setae, margin serrated and ciliated. Sheath tongue slightly arc-shaped, about 2~3 mm high in the middle, margin dentate cleft and covered by short cilia. Sheath erect, long triangular or ovate-triangular, base slightly cordate contracted, abaxially glabrous, ventral scabrous; Branchlets are higher, several segments near the base are not branchlets, branches are densely clumped up to 10~12, branch thickness is the same; 8~12 leaves on each branchlet, lanceolate, 9~25 cm long, 1.0~2.5 cm wide. Bamboo shoot period is from May to September, the flowering period is from February to September, pollination after 20d about seed maturity, shaped like wheat, rarely flowering.

 Growth characteristics: The plant grows on a hillside or in the jungle. It mainly distributes in Yunnan and other areas of China.

 Characters of herbs: The herb is an irregular granular, block, or flake in size. The surface is milky white, yellow-white, off-white, or gray-blue. The body is light, the texture is crisp, fragile, the fracture surface is white, slightly shiny, touch it with a feeling of slippery. No smell, light taste. It is sticky when licking with the tongue, gravel feeling when chewing. Highly absorbent, but insoluble in water.

 Pharmacological actions: It has a strong inhibitory effect on common pyogenic cocci and intestinal pathogenic bacteria.

 Medicinal efficacy: Clearing away heat and eliminating phlegm, cool the heart and calm convulsion, indicated for delirium and coma of pyrexia, phlegmatic coma and not speak of apoplexia, infantile convulsion and hyperspasmia, epilepsy.

 Administration of Concretio Silicea Bambusae(Tiān Zhú Huánɡ): 
 
Reference: Administration Guide of Concretio Silicea Bambusae(Tiān Zhú Huánɡ)
TCM Books: Internally:3~9 grams,prepare to pill,powder(CP), Internally:3~9 grams,water decoction, or prepare to pill,powder; Grinded into fine powder, take 0.6~1 grams each time.Externally:proper amount,grinded into fine powder and apply stick at the affected area(CHMM).


 Aster tataricus L.f. (2).Schizostachyum chinense Rendle.:
 Botanical description: Straw cluster, slightly pendulous or climbing tail shape. Internodes cylindrical, branched mostly, clustered. Culm sheath exfoliating, thickly papery, abaxially siliceous; Sheath broadly linear, erect; Sheath tongue extremely narrow, lanceolate or oblong-lanceolate; Leaf blade glabrous, 15~26 cm long, 3~4.5 cm wide, with obvious transverse veinlets. Leaf-sheath striate, ear and sheath setae often absent. Pseudopanicles slender, borne at the apex of leaves. Spikelets spindle-shaped, containing 1 floret; The spicule disarticulates below the second glume and the infertile lemma, and extends behind the pregnant florets in a spiny shape, with a residual florete at the tip; Glume 2 pieces, ovate-lanceolate or broadly lanceolate, 7~9 mm long; Infertile lemma 1 piece, apex with short acute, apex of pregnant lemma truncate or short acute; Palea wide, apex obtuse; 3 scales, unequal; 6 stamens, filaments separated; Ovary subclavate, style slender, apex divided into 2 feathery stigmas. It is flowering in April.

 Ecological environment: The plant mainly distributes in the Zhujiang river area and other areas of China.

 Characters of herbs: this herb is irregular pieces or particles, different sizes. Surface is grayish blue, yellow or white, some white color, translucent, slightly shiny. Light, hard and brittle, easy to break, moisture absorption. Slight smell, mild taste.

 
 
References:
  • 1.Introduction of Tian Zhu Huang:Tabashir or Concretio Silicea Bambusae.
  • 2.TCM Books:DCTM(Dictionary of the Chinese Traditional Medicine),CHMM(Chinese Herbal Materia Medica).

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