Fructus Chaenomelis(Common Flowering-quince Fruit).

TCM Herbalism:Medicinals and Classifications. ✵The TCM herbalism is also known as pharmaceutics of Traditional Chinese Medicine, or Chinese pharmaceutics, is the branch of health science dealing with the preparation, dispensing, and proper utilization of Chinese herbs. It is majorly composed of Introduction of Chinese Medicinals, Classification of Chinese Herbs, Formulas, and Patent medicines.

Classifications of Herbs:Dispelling Wind-Damp Herbs.

 TCM Herbs Icon06 Introduction: Dispelling Wind-Damp Herbs: an agent or substance herbs that dispels wind and damp, mainly for relieving rheumatism and related conditions.

Classifications of Herbs.

 TCM Herbs Icon 05 Introduction: The Dispelling Wind-Damp Herbs are known including:, , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , .

 ✵Till the date Oct 10th,2019, there are totally [22] kinds of common TCM herbs, [47] kinds of related plant species, are recorded in this category. These dispelling wind-damp herbs are briefly introduced separately:

Fructus Chaenomelis(Common Flowering-quince Fruit).

 Fructus Chaenomelis Brief Introduction: The Herb Fructus Chaenomelis is the dried ripe fruit of Chaenomeles speciosa(Sweet)Nakai(family Rosaceae), used (1).to soothe the tendons and unblock collateral meridians for treating wind-damp(rheumatoid) arthralgia with contracture, and (2).to dispel damp and harmonize the stomach for treating vomiting and diarrhea with systremma. The herb is commonly known as Fructus Chaenomelis, Common Flowering-quince Fruit, Mù Guā.

 Chaenomeles speciosa Sweet Nakai. ✵Official herbal classics and famous herbal classics defined the herb Fructus Chaenomelis(Common Flowering-quince Fruit) as the dried ripe fruit of (1). Chaenomeles speciosa (Sweet) Nakai. It is a plant of the Chaenomeles genus, Rosaceae family, Rosales order. This commonly used species is introduced as:

 Chaenomeles speciosa Sweet Nakai. (1).Chaenomeles speciosa (Sweet) Nakai.:  It is commonly known as Tiē Gěng Hǎi Táng. Deciduous shrubs, ca. 2 meters high. Branches erect, spiny, branchlets cylindrical, slightly flexed, glabrous, purplish-brown or black-brown, sparsely pale brown lenticels. Leaf-blade ovate to elliptic, slender long elliptic, 3~9 cm long, 1.5~5 cm wide, base cuneate to broadly cuneate, margin incisively serrate, teeth apically spreading, glabrous or pubescent along vein below; Petiole about 1 cm long; Stipules large, grassy, reniform or semicircular, margin sharply doubly serrate, glabrous. Flowers first leaf open, 3~5 clusters on the biennial old branch; Pedicels short thick, ca. 3 mm long or nearly sessile; Flowers 3~5 cm in diameter; Calyx tube campanulate, glabrous outside; Sepals erect, apex rounded obtuse, entire or undulate; Petals obovate or suborbicular, base extended into short claws 10~15 mm long, 8~13 mm wide, scarlet, sparsely reddish or white; 40~50 stamens, about half of petals long; 5 styles, base connate, glabrous or slightly hairy, stigma capitate, with inconspicuous division, ca. As long as stamens. Fruit globose or ovoid, 4~6 cm in diameter, yellow or yellowish-green, sparsely inconspicuous spots, aromatic; Sepals ablated, fruiting pedicel short or nearly sessile. Its flowering period is from March to May, fruiting period is from September to October.

 Chaenomeles speciosa Sweet Nakai. Ecological Environment: The tree grows in wild fields or is cultivated. It is distributed in east, central and southwest area of China.

 Trait identification: The fruits are mostly oblong in half, 4~9 cm long, 2~5 cm wide and 1~2.5 cm thick. The outer surface is purplish-red or reddish-brown, with deep irregular wrinkles; Section edge inward curls, red-brown pulp, the center part of the depression, brown-yellow color. Seed flat long triangle, much shed hard quality. Slight fragrance and sour taste. The quality of solid, sour taste is better.


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