Folium Liriodendra Tracheotomy(Glory bower Leaf).

TCM Herbalism:Medicinals and Classifications. ✵The TCM herbalism is also known as pharmaceutics of Traditional Chinese Medicine, or Chinese pharmaceutics, is the branch of health science dealing with the preparation, dispensing, and proper utilization of Chinese herbs. It is majorly composed of Introduction of Chinese Medicinals, Classification of Chinese Herbs, Formulas, and Patent medicines.

Classifications of Herbs:Dispelling Wind-Damp Herbs.

 TCM Herbs Icon06 Introduction: Dispelling Wind-Damp Herbs: an agent or substance herbs that dispels wind and damp, mainly for relieving rheumatism and related conditions.

Classifications of Herbs.

 TCM Herbs Icon 05 Introduction: The Dispelling Wind-Damp Herbs are known including:, , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , .

 ✵Till the date Oct 10th,2019, there are totally [22] kinds of common TCM herbs, [47] kinds of related plant species, are recorded in this category. These dispelling wind-damp herbs are briefly introduced separately:

Folium Liriodendra Tracheotomy(Glory bower Leaf).

 Glory bower Leaf Brief Introduction: The Herb Folium Liriodendra Tracheotomy is the dried leaf of Clerodendrum trichotomum Thunb.(family Verbenaceae), used to dispel wind-damp and reduce high blood pressure in cases of rheumatism and hypertension. The herb is commonly known as Folium Liriodendra Tracheotomy, Glory bower Leaf, Chòu Wú Tónɡ Yè.

 ✵Official herbal classics and other famous herbal classics defined the herb Folium Liriodendra Tracheotomy(Glory bower Leaf) as the dried leaf of (1). Clerodendron trichotomum Thunb. It is a plant of the Clerodendrum genus, Verbenaceae family, Lamiales order. This commonly used species is introduced as:

 Clerodendron trichotomum Thunb. (1).Clerodendron trichotomum Thunb.:  It is commonly known as Chòu Wú Tóng. Shrubs or small trees, 1.5~10 meters tall. Young branches, petioles, and inflorescence, etc. more or less covered with tawny pilose or subglabrous; Old branches pale, lenticellate, pith white, with pale yellow slice transverse septum. Leaves opposite; Petiole 2~8 cm long; Leaf blade papery, broadly ovate, ovate, ovate-elliptic or triangular-ovate, 5~17 cm long, 5~14 cm wide, apex apiculate or acuminate, base broadly cuneate to cuneate, occasionally cordate, entire or undulate, both surfaces sparsely short or subglabrous; Lateral veins 3-5 pairs. Inflorescence terminal or funicular, diffuse, usually bifid, inflorescence 8~18 cm long, peduncle 3~6 cm long, with elliptic leaflike bracts, caducous; Calyx greenish-white when young, posterior purplish red, base united, middle slightly swollen, 5-ribbed, apex 5-lobed, lobes triangular-lanceolate or ovate; Corolla white or pinkish, corolla tube fine, apex 5-lobed, lobed oblong; 4 stamens, extending out of corolla with style. Drupes subglobose, 6~8 mm in diameter, enveloped in an enlarged persistent calyx, bluish-purple when ripe. Its flowering and fruiting period is from June to November.

 Clerodendron trichotomum Thunb. Ecological Environment:It grows in thickets on hillsides. It is distributed in north, east, south, southwest and other areas of China.

 Clerodendron trichotomum Thunb. Trait identification: Branchlets round or slightly square, ca. 3 mm in diameter, yellow-green, longitudinally fine furrowed, with yellow punctate lenticels, densely covered with short hairs, slightly older hairs shed; The quality is brittle, easy to break, section wood part light yellow, pulp part white. Leaves opposite, wrinkled, curly, or fragmented, united and broadly ovate or elliptic, 7~15 cm long, 5~9 cm wide, apex acuminate, base broadly cuneate or truncate, entire or undulate, grayish-green above, yellowish-green below, pubescent on both sides; Petiole 2~8 cm long, densely pubescent. Flowers shriveled, yellow-brown, with long stalks, stamens protruding outside corolla; Fruiting, calyx persistent, yellowish yellow, with a fruit, triangular-ovate, taupe, wrinkled. Odor, bitter taste, astringent. With flower branches dry, leaf color is green better. Microscopic identification of leaf cross-section: upper and lower epidermal cells in 1 row, cuticle obvious, lower epidermis with stomata. The cut surface of the glandular scale is oblate and globular. The hilum of glandular hair is a single cell. Palisade tissue cells 1~2 rows, sponge tissue cells arranged sparsely. There are collenchyma tissues in the upper and lower epidermis of the main veins. Vascular bundles of main veins tough, 7~10, arranged in a nearly circular shape. In the center of the main vein are thin-walled cells with calcium oxalate, 10~15 microns long and 6~9 microns wide.


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