Caulis Sinomenii(Orientvine Stem).

TCM Herbalism:Medicinals and Classifications. ✵The TCM herbalism is also known as pharmaceutics of Traditional Chinese Medicine, or Chinese pharmaceutics, is the branch of health science dealing with the preparation, dispensing, and proper utilization of Chinese herbs. It is majorly composed of Introduction of Chinese Medicinals, Classification of Chinese Herbs, Formulas, and Patent medicines.

Classifications of Herbs:Dispelling Wind-Damp Herbs.

 TCM Herbs Icon06 Introduction: Dispelling Wind-Damp Herbs: an agent or substance herbs that dispels wind and damp, mainly for relieving rheumatism and related conditions.

 
Classifications of Herbs.

 TCM Herbs Icon 05 Introduction: The Dispelling Wind-Damp Herbs are known including:, , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , .

 ✵Till the date Oct 10th,2019, there are totally [22] kinds of common TCM herbs, [47] kinds of related plant species, are recorded in this category. These dispelling wind-damp herbs are briefly introduced separately:

 
Caulis Sinomenii(Orientvine Stem).

 Orientvine Stem Brief Introduction: The herb Caulis Sinomenii is the dried lianoid stem of Sinomenium acutum(Thunb.) Rehd.et Wils., or Sinomenium acutum var.cinereum Rehd.et Wils.(family Menispermaceae), used to dispel wind-damp and alleviate pain in cases of rheumatic arthritis, articular swelling and pain. The herb is commonly known as Caulis Sinomenii, Orientvine Stem, Qīnɡ Fēnɡ Ténɡ.

 Sinomenium acutum Thunb.Rehd.et Wils. ✵Official herbal classics and other famous herbal classics defined the herb Caulis Sinomenii(Orientvine Stem) as the dried lianoid stem of (1). Sinomenium acutum(Thunb.) Rehd.et Wils., or (2). Sinomenium acutum var.cinereum Rehd.et Wils. They are plants of the Menispermaceae family, Ranales order. These 2 commonly used species are introduced as:

 Sinomenium acutum Thunb.Rehd.et Wils. (1).Sinomenium acutum(Thunb.)Rehd.et Wils.:  It is commonly known as Qīng Téng. Wood lianas, up to 20 meters long. Stem grayish brown, with irregular cracks; Branchlets terete, linear, pilose or subglabrous. Leaves papery to leathery, cordate or ovoid, 7~15 cm long, 5~10 cm wide, apex acuminate or acute, base cordate or sub truncate, entire or 3~7 angular-lobed, upper green, lower glaucous, young leaves tomentose, old leaves glabrous or just below pilose, palmate veins are usually 5; Petiole length 5~15 cm. Panicles axillary, large, hairy; Flowers small, yellowish-green, unisexual plant; 6 sepals, 2-wheeled, abaxially pilose; 6 petals, 0.7-1 mm long; 9~12 male flowers and stamens; Female flowers sterile; stamens filiform, 3 carpels. Drupe oblate, slightly askew, 5~8 mm in diameter, red to clear red. Its flowering period is summer, fruiting in autumn.

 Sinomenium acutum Thunb.Rehd.et Wils. Ecological environment: It grows in forests, forest margins, gullies or thickets, climbing trees or stone mountains. Resources distribution: distributed in the Yangtze river basin and the south of all areas, south to the north of Guangdong province.

 Trait identification: stem cylindrical, slightly curved, slender stems bent into bundles, 0.5~2 cm in diameter, greenish-brown to gray-brown in the surface, with longitudinal wrinkles, fine transverse cracks, and lenticels, nodes slightly enlarged, with protruding branch marks or leaf marks. Thin stem brittle slightly hard, relatively easy to break, the cross-section of the wood part grayish brown, cracked sheet; Rough stem hard, cross-section brown, wood with radial texture xi said wheel grain and can be seen most holes, the center pith fine, yellow and white, some odor, taste slightly bitter. A uniform strip is preferred.

 (2).Sinomenium acutum var.cinereum Rehd.et Wils.:  It is commonly known as Máo Qīng Téng. This variety is very similar to the Sinomenium acutum(Thunb.) Rehd.et Wils. The main difference lies in: the leaf surface is short villi, the lower surface is grayish-white, denser villi; Inflorescences and young stems are also with short villi.

 
 

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