Semen Abutili(Chingma Abutilon Seed).

TCM Herbalism:Medicinals and Classifications. ✵The TCM herbalism is also known as pharmaceutics of Traditional Chinese Medicine, or Chinese pharmaceutics, is the branch of health science dealing with the preparation, dispensing, and proper utilization of Chinese herbs. It is majorly composed of Introduction of Chinese Medicinals, Classification of Chinese Herbs, Formulas, and Patent medicines.

Classifications of Herbs:Diuretics and Hydragogues Herbs:Herbs Diuretics.

 TCM Herbs Icon09 Introduction: Herbs Diuretics: also known as damp-draining diuretic herbs,an agent or substance herbs that increases urine excretion and water discharge for treating internal retention of dampness.

 
Classifications of Herbs.

 TCM Herbs Icon 09 Introduction: The Diuretics and Hydragogues Herbs:Herbs Diuretics are known including:, , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , .

 ✵Till the date Oct 10th,2019, there are totally [27] kinds of common TCM herbs, [32] kinds of related plant species, [2] kinds of related fungus species, [2] kinds of related insect species, [1] kind of related mineral are recorded in this category. These Diuretics and Hydragogues Herbs:Herbs Diuretics are briefly introduced separately:

 
Semen Abutili(Chingma Abutilon Seed).

 Semen Abutili Brief Introduction: The herb Semen Abutili is the dried ripe seed of Abutilon theophrastii Medic.(family Malvaceae), used to remove damp-heat and counteract toxins for the treatment of dysentery, heat stranguria, boils, and sores. The herb is commonly known as Semen Abutili, Chingma Abutilon Seed, Qǐnɡ Má Zi.

 ✵Official herbal classics and other famous herbal classics defined the herb Semen Abutili(Chingma Abutilon Seed) as the dried ripe seed of the species (1). Abutilon theophrastii Medic. It is a plant of the Abutilon Miller genus, the Malvaceae family of the Malvales order. This commonly used species is introduced as:

 Abutilon theophrastii Medic. (1).Abutilon theophrastii Medic.:  It is commonly known as Qǐng Má. Subshrubby herbs annual, to 1~2 meters tall, stems and branches pilose. Leaves alternate, cordate, 5~10 cm long, apex long acuminate, base cordate, margin serrate, both surfaces densely stellate pilose; Petiole 3~12 cm long, stellate pilose; Stipules fall early.

 Abutilon theophrastii Medic. Flowers solitary in leaf axils, pedicels 1~13 cm long, pilose, nearly apical with nodes; Calyx cup-shaped, densely tomentose, 5 lobes, ovate, ca. 6 mm long; Flowers yellow, petals obovate, ca. 1 cm long; Stamen column smooth and glabrous, 15~20 carpels, 1~1.5 cm long, apex truncated, with extended, 2 hairy long, arranged in rotund, densely hirsute.

 Capsule hemispherical, ca.2 cm in diameter, ca. 1.2 cm in length, 15~20 pans, coarsely hairy, apex with long awn 2; Seed reniform, brown, stellate pilose. Flowering period: July to August.

 Abutilon theophrastii Medic. Ecological environment: the plant grows in roadsides, wasteland fields. It distributes in China, Europe, North America, and south-east Asia. In China, it mainly distributes in the lower reaches area of the Yangtze River, Zhujiang river area, northwest area, southwest area, Taiwan.

 Trait identification:Seed triangular-oblate, one end pointed, 3.4~4 mm long, about 3 mm wide. Surface dark brown, scattered with sparse short hair, marginal depression with a light brown navel. Seed coat hard, peeling after visible cylindrical radicle, cotyledons folded W shape, endosperm and cotyledons crisscross. Slight smell, mild taste. It is better to have full seeds and no impurity.

 
 

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