Introduction of Che Qian Cao:Plantain Herb or Herba Plantaginis.
✵The TCM herbalism is also known as pharmaceutics of Traditional Chinese Medicine, or Chinese pharmaceutics, is the branch of health science dealing with the preparation, dispensing, and proper utilization of Chinese herbs. It is majorly composed of Introduction of Chinese Medicinals, Classification of Chinese Herbs, Formulas, and Patent medicines.
Classifications of Herbs:Diuretics and Hydragogues Herbs:Herbs Diuretics.
Introduction: Herbs Diuretics: also known as damp-draining diuretic herbs,an agent or substance herbs that increases urine excretion and water discharge for treating internal retention of dampness.
✵Till the date Oct 10th,2019, there are totally  kinds of common TCM herbs,  kinds of related plant species,  kinds of related fungus species,  kinds of related insect species,  kind of related mineral are recorded in this category. These Diuretics and Hydragogues Herbs:Herbs Diuretics are briefly introduced separately:
Herba Plantaginis(Plantain Herb).
Pin Yin Name: Chē Qián Cǎo.
English Name: Plantain Herb.
Latin Name: Herba Plantaginis.
Property and flavor: cold, sweet.
Brief introduction: The herb Herba Plantaginis is the dried entire plant of Plantago asiatica L. or Plantago depressa Willd.(family Plantaginaceae), used (1).to induce diuresis in cases of edema, oliguria and stranguria, and (2).to clear heat and counteract toxins in cases of sores, carbuncles, dysentery, and acute pulmonary and urinary infections. The herb is commonly known as Herba Plantaginis, Plantain Herb, Chē Qián Cǎo.
Botanical source: Official herbal classics defined the herb Herba Plantaginis(Plantain Herb) as the dried entire plant of the species (1). Plantago asiatica L., or (2). Plantago depressa Willd.,other famous herbal classics defined the herb Herba Plantaginis(Plantain Herb) as the dried entire plant of the species (1). Plantago asiatica L., or (2). Plantago depressa Willd., or (3). Plantago major L. They are plants of the Plantago genus, the Plantaginaceae(plantain family) family, the Lamiales order. The species (3) is introduced as:
(3).Plantago major L.: Botanical description: The Plantago major L., is a plant of Plantaginaceae(plantain family) family and Plantago genus, it is commonly known as "Big Plantain" or "Da Che Qian". Biennial or perennial herbs. Mostly rooted. Rough stubble. Ye Jisheng Rosette-like, supine, obliquely erect or erect; leaf blade herbaceous, thin papery or papery, broadly ovate to broadly elliptic, 3~18~30 cm long, 2~11 cm wide, apex blunt or acute, margin undulate, sparsely irregularly toothed or subentire, sparsely pubescent or subglabrous on both surfaces, few densely pilose, veins 3~7 Petiole length 1~3~10~26 cm, base sheathlike, often covered with hairs. Inflorescence 1 to several; peduncle erect or bowing, long 2~5~18~45 cm, longitudinally striped, pubescent or pilose; spikes terete, 1~3~20~40 centimeters, often basally discontinuous; sepals broadly ovate-triangular, 1.2~2 mm long, approximately equal or slightly larger in width and length, glabrous or apex sparsely short-hairy, keel broadly broad. Flowers sessile; calyx 1.5~2.5 mm long, bracts apex rounded, glabrous or sparsely shortly ciliate, margin membranous, keel ascendant to the top, anterior to sepal elliptic to broadly elliptic, posterior to sepal wide-elliptic Shaped to nearly round. Corolla white, glabrous, crown equal or slightly longer than sepals, lobes lanceolate to narrowly ovate, 1~1.5 mm long, reflexed after anthesis. Stamens were born on the inner surface of the crown near the base, with styles apparently outstretched, anthers elliptic, 1~1.2 mm long, usually lavender at first, thin white, light brown after drying. There are 12 to 40 ovules. Capsules subglobose, ovoid or broadly elliptic, 2~3 mm in length, cleft in the middle or slightly lower. Seeds 8~34, ovate, elliptic or rhombic, 0.8~1.2 mm long, angular, ventral or nearly flattened, yellow-brown; cotyledons arranged in an abaxial direction. Its flowering period is from June to August, the fruiting period is from July to September.
The difference of the Plantago major from the Plantago Asiatica L is, the leaves are ovate or broadly ovate, 6~10 cm long and 3~6 cm wide, apex obtusely rounded, base rounded broadly cuneate; petiole base often enlarged or sheathlike. Spikes long 3~10 cm, flowers arranged in close. 7~15 seeds, black. Grows in the roadside, ditch next to the farm field humid place.
Growth characteristics: The plant Plantago major prefers a wet warm humid climate, cold resistance, it can grow on mountains, hills, flat dam. The soil requirement is not strict, it can be planted in general land, field edge corner, around the house, but with more fertile, moist clip sand soil is better.
Characters of herbs: The herb has a short and fleshy rhizome, with fibrous roots. The Leaf-blade is ovate or broadly ovate, 6~10 cm long, 3~6 cm wide, the apex is obtuse, the base is rounded or broadly cuneate, 5~7 basal veins. The spikes are densely arranged. The other features are the same as the Plantago asiatica.
Pharmacological actions: ①.Effect on urinary system: Intravenous injection of alcohol depositing water extract of herba plantaginis can enhance the frequency of ureteral peristalsis and increase the pressure in the upper part of the ureter lumen. ②.Antitussive, antiasthmatic and expectorant effects: plantain herb water decoction can inhibit cough caused by electric stimulation in cats.
Medicinal efficacy: Clear heat and diuretic, reduce phlegm, cool blood, and detoxify. It is indicated for edema and oliguria, dysuria(difficulty in micturition), pyretic stranguria(heat stranguria), stranguria with turbid discharge, morbid leukorrhea, cystic retention of heat(heat accumulation of bladder), summer dampness and diarrhea, phlegm heat with cough, hematemesis(spitting blood) and epistaxis(bleeding from five aperture or subcutaneous tissue), hematuria(urinating blood), liver heat and red eyes, sore throat, carbuncle swelling sore poison.
Administration of Herba Plantaginis(Chē Qián Cǎo):
Administration Guide of Herba Plantaginis(Chē Qián Cǎo)
Internally:9~30 grams,fresh herb 30~60 grams,take decoction,or extract juice and take.Externally:fresh herb proper amount,mashed and apply at affected area(CP),Internally:water decoction, 15~30 grams, fresh herb 30~60 grams,or extract juice and take.Externally:proper amount,wash with water decoction,mashed and apply stick,or extract juice and smear(CHMM).
1.Introduction of Che Qian Cao:Plantain Herb or Herba Plantaginis.
2.TCM Books:DCTM(Dictionary of the Chinese Traditional Medicine),CHMM(Chinese Herbal Materia Medica).