Fructus Hordei Germinatus(Germinated Barley).

TCM Herbalism:Medicinals and Classifications. ✵The TCM herbalism is also known as pharmaceutics of Traditional Chinese Medicine, or Chinese pharmaceutics, is the branch of health science dealing with the preparation, dispensing, and proper utilization of Chinese herbs. It is majorly composed of Introduction of Chinese Medicinals, Classification of Chinese Herbs, Formulas, and Patent medicines.

Classifications of Herbs:Herbs Digestives and Evacuants.

 TCM Herbs Icon16 Introduction: Herbs Digestives and Evacuants: also known as digestant herbs, an agent or substance that aids digestion to eliminate accumulated undigested food, also known as digestant and evacuant herbs.

Classifications of Herbs.

 TCM Herbs Icon 16 Introduction: The Herbs Digestives and Evacuants are known including:, , , , , , , , .

 ✵Till the date March 19th, 2020, there are Totally [9] kinds of common TCM herbs, [8] kinds of related plant species, are recorded in this category. These Herbs Digestives and Evacuants are briefly introduced separately:

Fructus Hordei Germinatus(Germinated Barley).

 Fructus Hordei Germinatus Brief Introduction: The herb Fructus Hordei Germinatus is the dried and germinated grain of barley, Hordeum vulgare L.(family Graminae), used (1).to improve digestion for treating dyspepsia, and (2).to inhibit milk secretion for stopping lactation. The herb is commonly known as Fructus Hordei Germinatus, Germinated Barley, Mài Yá.

 ✵The common official herbal classics and other famous herbal classics defined the herb Fructus Hordei Germinatus(Germinated Barley) as the dried germinated grain of barley, Hordeum vulgare L. It is a plant of the Hordeum Linn. Genus, the Poaceae family of the Poales order. This commonly used species is introduced as:

 Hordeum vulgare L. Hordeum vulgare L.: Culms stout, smooth, glabrous, erect, 50~100 cm tall. Leaf-sheath loosely clasping the stem; Larger lobes on both sides; Lingual membranous, 1~2 mm long; Leaf blade is flat, 9~20 cm long, 6~20 mm wide. Spikes 3~8 cm long (except awn), spikelets about 1.5 cm in diameter dense, with 3 developing spikelets per segment, spikelets are usually sessile, 1~1.5 cm long (except awn). Glume linear-lanceolate, slightly pubescent, apex extending into awn 8~14 mm; Lemma dorsal glabrous, 5 veined, apical extending aromatic, awn 8~15 cm long, margin with fine spines, palea as long as the lemma. Caryopsis ventrally furrowed or recessed, apex pubescent, adherent to lemma at maturity, not easily separated, but some cultivars are easily separated. Its flowering period is from March to April, fruiting from April to May.

 Hordeum vulgare L. Ecological environment: It is widely cultivated all over China.

 Trait identification: Caryopsis slightly fusiform at both ends, 8~15 mm long, 2.5~1.5 mm in diameter. Surface pale yellow, abaxially rounded, lemma enveloped, 5, apex long aromatic broken; Ventral to palea surround, have 1 longitudinal groove. After the removal of the lemma, the basal radicle develops the germ and fibrous root, the germ long lanceolate, linear, yellow-white, about 5 mm long, fibrous roots several, slender and curved. Hard, cross-section white, pink. No smell, taste slightly sweet.

  Barley's been feeding humans for millennia, though it fell out of favor during the last one as people came to see it as low-brow peasant fare. It's most often used in soups and stews, where it serves as both a puffy grain and a thickener, but it also makes a nice side dish or salad. In most markets, you'll have to choose between two types of barley. Hulled barley is the most nutritious since only the tough outer hulls are polished off. Pearl barley is polished some more so that the outer bran layer is also scrubbed off. It's less nutritious, but more popular since it's not as chewy as hulled barley and it cooks faster.

Fructus Hordei Germinatus Preparatus(Charred Germinated Barley).

 Fructus Hordei Germinatus Preparatus Brief Introduction: The herb Fructus Hordei Germinatus Preparatus is germinated grain of barley stir-baked to a brown color, used to improve digestion for treating dyspepsia induced by cereal food and infantile lactodyspepsia. The herb is commonly known as Fructus Hordei Germinatus Preparatus, Charred Germinated Barley, Jiāo Mài Yá.

 ✵Common official herbal classics and other famous herbal classics defined the herb Fructus Hordei Germinatus Preparatus(Charred Germinated Barley) as the stir-baked germinated barley grains. The Germinated Barley and its botanical origin was introduced in the last entry "Fructus Hordei Germinatus(Germinated Barley)".


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