Radix Aconiti Lateralis Preparata(Prepared Daughter Root of Common Monkshood).

TCM Herbalism:Medicinals and Classifications. ✵The TCM herbalism is also known as pharmaceutics of Traditional Chinese Medicine, or Chinese pharmaceutics, is the branch of health science dealing with the preparation, dispensing, and proper utilization of Chinese herbs. It is majorly composed of Introduction of Chinese Medicinals, Classification of Chinese Herbs, Formulas, and Patent medicines.

Classifications of Herbs:Dispelling Internal Cold Herbs.

 TCM Herbs Icon06 Introduction: Dispelling Internal Cold Herbs: also known as interior-warming herbs, an agent or substance herbs that warms the interior and expels internal cold, also known as cold-expelling herbs.

Classifications of Herbs.

 TCM Herbs Icon 07 Introduction: The Dispelling Internal Cold Herbs are known including:, , , , , , , , , , .

 ✵Till the date Oct 10th,2019, there are totally [11] kinds of common TCM herbs, [16] kinds of related plant species are recorded in this category. These Dispelling Internal Cold Herbs are briefly introduced separately:

Radix Aconiti Lateralis Preparata(Prepared Daughter Root of Common Monkshood).

 Radix Aconiti Lateralis Preparata Brief Introduction: The herb Radix Aconiti Lateralis Preparata is the prepared daughter root of Aconitum carmichaeli Debx.(family Ranunculaceae), used (1).to restore heart Yang for the relief of collapse and shock, (2).to dispel cold for treating deficiency-cold conditions such as gastralgia and abdominal pain with cold sensation, and also for cold rheumatalgia with severe pain, and (3).to reinforce the kidney and spleen for treating edema, chronic diarrhea and impotence. The herb is commonly known as Prepared Common Monkshood Daughter Root, Prepared daughter root of Common Monkshood, Fù Zǐ.

 Aconitum carmichaeli Debx. ✵Official herbal classics and other famous herbal classics defined the herb Radix Aconiti Lateralis Preparata(Prepared Daughter Root of Common Monkshood) as the prepared daughter root of (1). Aconitum carmichaeli Debx. It is a plant of the Aconitum L. Genus, the Ranunculaceae family, Ranales order. This commonly used species is introduced as:

 Aconitum carmichaeli Debx. (1).Aconitum carmichaeli Debx.:  It is commonly known as Wū Tóu. Tuberous roots obconical, 2~4 cm long, 1~1.6 cm thick. Stem 60~150 cm tall, sparsely reflexed pubescent above middle, leaves equidistant, branched.

 The lower leaves of the stem wither when they flower. Stem middle leaf has long stalk; Blade heavy leather or paper, pentagon, 6 to 11 cm long, 9 to 15 cm wide, base shallow heart-shaped trifid at or near base, all the central lobe shape diamond, sometimes a diamond or diamond oval, acute, sometimes short acuminate close pinnate divided, 2 to 3 lobes, inclined triangular, 1-3 teeth, sometimes entire, lateral lobes 2 deep cleft, all hydrophobic surface was short hairs, usually only along veins on the back of thin pubescent; Petiole 1~2.5 cm long, sparsely pubescent.

 Aconitum carmichaeli Debx. Terminal racemes 6~10 cm long; Axles and pedicels densely reflexed and appressed pubescent; Subbracts trifid, others narrowly ovate to lanceolate; Pedicels 1.5~3 cm long; Bracteoles middle or lower pedicels, 3~5 mm long, 0.5~0.8 mm wide; Sepals blue-purple, pubescent outside, upper sepal high galeate, 2~2.6 cm high, 1.7~2.2 cm from base to beak, lower margin slightly concave, beak not obvious, lateral sepal 1.5~2 cm long. Petals glabrous, petals ca. 1.1 cm long, lips ca. 6 mm long, slightly concave, 2~2.5 mm distant, usually curled; Stamens glabrous or sparsely short-hairy, filaments 2-dentate or entire; 3~5 carpels, ovary sparsely or densely pubescent, thinly glabrous. Follicles 1.5~1.8 cm long; seeds 3~3.2 mm long, triangular, densely transverse Hymenoptera on only two sides.

  Its flowering period is from September to October, fruiting from October to November.

 Aconitum carmichaeli Debx. Ecological environment: The herb grows in mountain grassy slopes or shrubs. Aconitum carmichaeli Debx prefers a warm and humid climate. It is better to choose sunny, loose and well-drained soil with medium fertility, with strong adaptability, and avoid continuous cropping. Because aconite is a perennial herbaceous plant, the production normally use root propagation. In the middle of December, the temperature of the 10 cm topsoil is above 10℃, planting could start, 7 days after the release of new fibrous roots. Generally, the plants planted 20 days before the winter solstice start to root first and then sprout, with high yield. The plants planted 20 days after the winter solstice first emerged and then start to root, and the yield was lower.

 Resources distribution: The plant distributes in the lower reaches area of the Yangtze River, Zhujiang river area, and southwest area of China.

 Aconitum carmichaeli Debx. Trait identification:(1). Salt aconite is round pliers conical, 4~7 cm long, 3~5 cm in diameter. The surface is grayish-black, covered with salt frost, and the tip is pitted with bud marks, surrounded by nodular protruding branches or root marks. Weight. The cross-section is taupe, with small interstitial space and polygonal cambium ring grain, irregular arrangement of inner veins (catheter bundle). Slight smell, salty taste, and hemp, thorn tongue. With big, qualitative firm, the gray-black, surface smooth is better.

 (2). Black aconite slice is a longitudinal slice, wide at the top and narrow at the bottom. 1.7~5 cm long, 0.9~3 cm wide and 2~5 mm thick. The skin is dark brown, dark yellow, glossy, translucent, with longitudinal veins (catheter bundle). Qualitative hard and brittle, cross-section cutin appearance. Slight fragrant, mild taste. The herb with big piece, flat, brown-yellow, the lustrous is better.

 (3). White aconite slice was a longitudinal section, yellow and white, translucent, and about 3 mm thick. The herb with flat piece, yellow-white, translucent is better.


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