Introduction of Mi Meng Hua:Pale Butterfly-bush Flower or Flos Buddlejae.

TCM Herbalism:Medicinals and Classifications. ✵The TCM herbalism is also known as pharmaceutics of Traditional Chinese Medicine, or Chinese pharmaceutics, is the branch of health science dealing with the preparation, dispensing, and proper utilization of Chinese herbs. It is majorly composed of Introduction of Chinese Medicinals, Classification of Chinese Herbs, Formulas, and Patent medicines.

Classifications of Herbs:Herbs Clearing Heat and Purging Fire.

 TCM Herbs Icon05 Introduction: Herbs Clearing Heat and Purging Fire: an agent or substance that has the effect of clearing heat from the Qi system, with high fever, dire thirst, dry yellow tongue coating and rapid surging pulse, or purging fire from the internal viscera, such as heart fire, liver fire, etc.

 
Classifications of Herbs.

 TCM Herbs Icon 05 Introduction: The Herbs Clearing Heat and Purging Fire are known including:, ,,,,,,,,,,.

 ✵Till the date Oct 10th,2019, there are totally [12] kinds of common TCM herbs, [16] kinds of related plant species, [1] kind of related minerals, are recorded in this category. These Herbs Clearing Heat and Purging Fire are briefly introduced separately:

 
Flos Buddlejae(Pale Butterfly-bush Flower).

Buddleja officinalis Maxim Pin Yin Name: Mì Ménɡ Huā.
 English Name: Pale Butterfly-bush Flower.
 Latin Name: Flos Buddlejae.
 Property and flavor: light cold, sweet.

 Brief introduction: The herb Flos Buddlejae is the dried flower-bud and inflorescence of Buddleja officinalis Maxim.(family Loganiaceae), used to clear liver heat and remove nebula for the treatment of acute conjunctivitis with lacrimation and photophobia, and blurred vision due to nebula. The herb is commonly known as Flos Buddlejae, Pale Butterfly-bush Flower or Mì Ménɡ Huā.

 Botanical source: The herb Flos Buddlejae(Pale Butterfly-bush Flower) is the dried flower-bud and inflorescence of Buddleja Officinalis Maxim., it is a plant of the Buddleia L. genus, the Loganiaceae family of the Contortae order.

 Buddleja officinalis Maxim Common official herbal classics and Other famous herbal classics defined the herb Flos Buddlejae(Pale Butterfly-bush Flower) as the dried flower-bud and inflorescence of (1). Buddleja officinalis Maxim. This commonly used species is introduced as:

 (1).Buddleja officinalis Maxim.:
 Botanical description: Deciduous shrub, 1~3 meters tall. Branchlets grayish brown, slightly prismatic, densely grayish tomentose. Leaves opposite, narrowly elliptic to linear-lanceolate, 5~15 cm long, 3 cm wide, apex acuminate, base cuneate, entire or slightly serrate, surface covered with fine stellate hairs, veins sunken, underside densely covered with grayish to yellow stellate hairs, veins raised; Petiole 6~10 mm long, covered with gray fuzz; Stipules atrophic to a horizontal line at base of two petioles. Panicles terminal, 5~12 cm long, densely grayish pilose, bracts lanceolate, tomentose; Calyx campanulate, apex 4-lobed; Corolla tubular, ca. 1.5 cm long, apex 4 lobed, tube violet, mouth orange, inside and outside pilose; 4 stamens, inserted in middle of corolla tube; Ovary superior, 2-locular, apex tomentose, style short, stigma undivided. Capsule 2~6 mm long, 2-lobed, base with persistent calyx and petals. Seeds numerous, fine, much flattened. Its flowering period is lasting to 2 or 3 months, fruiting period is from July to August.

 Buddleja officinalis Maxim Ecological environment: The plant grows on hillsides, hills, rivers, bushes or bushes near villages. The plant distributes in south and northwest, southwest area of China. It is mainly produced in provinces Henan, Hubei, Sichuan.

 Growth characteristics: The plant grows on the hillside, hill, river side, in the bush or grass near the village.

 Characters of herbs: Inflorescence with most small buds. Shape, size, surface grayish-yellow or light brown, densely hairy. The individual flower bud is short clavate, upper thick below fine, 3~6 mm long, the apex is round and slightly swollen, calyx bell-shaped, 4 lobed, corolla tube shape, the cleft petal is dark purple, pilose is very sparse. All parts are soft and fragile, the cross-section core part is black. Odour is slightly sweet, taste sweet and slightly bitter. Gather with bud close, color is grayish-yellow, have fuzz, qualitative softness is preferred.

 Pharmacological actions: The component robinin is similar to quercetin in that it has vitamin P-like effects. Oral administration to mice with a dosage of 25~100 mg/kg can reduce formaldehyde inflammation; 50 ~ 100 mg/kg can also reduce the permeability and fragility of the blood vessels in the skin and small intestine. The tension increase of isolated small intestine of rats by barium chloride, histamine, acetylcholine, the robinin has some spasmolysis effect. It can make biliary secretion has a short, slight increase, has the relaxation effect on the bile duct smooth muscle.

 Medicinal efficacy: Dispels wind, cools blood, moistens liver, brightens eyes. It is indicated for eye red and swollen pain, more tears and photophobia, glaucoma(blue blindness, optic atrophy) and nebula, wind dizziness and eye ulcer.

 Administration of Flos Buddlejae(Mì Ménɡ Huā): 
 
Reference: Administration Guide of Flos Buddlejae(Mì Ménɡ Huā)
TCM Books: Internally:3~9 grams(CP),Internally:water decoction, 1~3 qian(about 3~9 grams), or prepare to pill,powder(DCTM).


 
 
References:
  • 1.Introduction of Mi Meng Hua:Pale Butterfly-bush Flower or Flos Buddlejae.
  • 2.TCM Books:DCTM(Dictionary of the Chinese Traditional Medicine).

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