Radix Sophorae Flavescentis(Light-yellow Sophora Root).

TCM Herbalism:Medicinals and Classifications. ✵The TCM herbalism is also known as pharmaceutics of Traditional Chinese Medicine, or Chinese pharmaceutics, is the branch of health science dealing with the preparation, dispensing, and proper utilization of Chinese herbs. It is majorly composed of Introduction of Chinese Medicinals, Classification of Chinese Herbs, Formulas, and Patent medicines.

Classifications of Herbs:Herbs Clearing Heat and Drying Dampness.

 TCM Herbs Icon05 Introduction: Herbs Clearing Heat and Drying Dampness: an agent or substance bitter in taste and cold in property that is effective for eliminating heat and dampness, usually used in the treatment of diseases caused by damp-heat, such as acute jaundice, acute dysentery, urinary infection, eczema, boils and abscesses.

Classifications of Herbs.

 TCM Herbs Icon 05 Introduction: The Herbs Clearing Heat and Drying Dampness are known including:, , , , , , , , , , , , , , ,, , , , , , .

 ✵Till the date Oct 10th,2019, there are totally [22] kinds of common TCM herbs, [53] kinds of related plant species, are recorded in this category. These Herbs Clearing Heat and Drying Dampness are briefly introduced separately:

Radix Sophorae Flavescentis(Light-yellow Sophora Root).

 Light-yellow Sophora Root Brief Introduction: The Herb Radix Sophorae Flavescentis is the dried root of Sophora flavescens Ait. (family Leguminosae), used to clear heat, dry dampness, kill parasitic worms and induce diuresis for treating acute dysentery, jaundice, morbid leukorrhoea, and externally for eczema and scabies. The herb is commonly known as Radix Sophorae Flavescentis, Light-yellow Sophora Root, Kǔ Shēn.

 ✵The herb Radix Sophorae Flavescentis(Light-yellow Sophora Root) is the dried root of Sophora flavescens Ait., it is a plant of the Sophora Genus, the Fabaceae(Leguminosae) family of the Fabales order.

 Sophora flavescens Ait.01 Sophora flavescens Ait.:  The Sophora flavescens Ait., is a plant of the Leguminosae(bean or pea family) family and Sophora genus, it is commonly known as "Sophora flavescens", "Light yellow Sophora", or "shrubby sophora". Subshrub, 50~120 cm high. The root is cylindrical and the outer skin is yellow. Stems herbaceous, green, with irregular longitudinal grooves, yellow fine hair when young. Single-pinnately compound leaves, alternate; sub locate stipules; leaf blade 20~25 cm long, rachis pubescent; 5~21 locules, sessile, ovate-ovate to oblong-lanceolate, apex round or blunt, base round or broadly cuneate, entire.

 Sophora flavescens Ait.02 Racemes terminal, 10~20 cm long, shortly pubescent; bracts linear; flowers yellowish white; calyx campulate, slightly obliquely, apex 5-lobed; corolla butterfly, slightly longer than other petals. The apex is nearly round; 10 stamens, filaments free, only base healing; 1 pistil, ovary superior, ovate stalk sessate.

 The pod is linear, with a long apex and no cracking when mature. The seeds are usually 3 to 7 seeds, and the seeds are contracted, black, and nearly spherical. The flowering period is from May to July, the fruiting period is from July to September.

 Ecological environment: The plant grows in sandy land or sunny hillside grass and gully side. Resource distribution: The plant distributes throughout China.

 Trait identification: Root cylindrical, lower often branched, 10~30 cm long, 1~2.5 cm in diameter. The surface is brownish to grayish brown, with longitudinal wrinkles and transverse lenticels. Emboli are thin, often broken and rolled back, easily flaking, exposing the yellow endothelium. Hard, not easily broken, broken surface fiber. Sections 3~6 mm thick, yellow and white, with radial texture. Smell light, taste bitter. The herb with plain strip, cross-section yellow-white, taste extremely bitter is better.


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