Herba Potentillae Discoloris(Diverse-color Cinquefoil).

TCM Herbalism:Medicinals and Classifications. ✵The TCM herbalism is also known as pharmaceutics of Traditional Chinese Medicine, or Chinese pharmaceutics, is the branch of health science dealing with the preparation, dispensing, and proper utilization of Chinese herbs. It is majorly composed of Introduction of Chinese Medicinals, Classification of Chinese Herbs, Formulas, and Patent medicines.

Classifications of Herbs:Herbs Clearing Heat and Drying Dampness.

 TCM Herbs Icon05 Introduction: Herbs Clearing Heat and Drying Dampness: an agent or substance bitter in taste and cold in property that is effective for eliminating heat and dampness, usually used in the treatment of diseases caused by damp-heat, such as acute jaundice, acute dysentery, urinary infection, eczema, boils and abscesses.

Classifications of Herbs.

 TCM Herbs Icon 05 Introduction: The Herbs Clearing Heat and Drying Dampness are known including:, , , , , , , , , , , , , , ,, , , , , , .

 ✵Till the date Oct 10th,2019, there are totally [22] kinds of common TCM herbs, [53] kinds of related plant species, are recorded in this category. These Herbs Clearing Heat and Drying Dampness are briefly introduced separately:

Herba Potentillae Discoloris(Diverse-color Cinquefoil).

 Herba Potentillae Discoloris Brief Introduction: The Herb Herba Potentillae Discoloris is the dried entire plant of Potentilla discolor Bge. (family Rosaceae), used for treating enteritis, dysentery, pharyngitis, and gastro-intestinal bleeding. The herb is commonly known as Herba Potentillae Discoloris, Diverse-color Cinquefoil, Fān Bái Cǎo.

 ✵Common herbal classics and official herbal classics defined the herb Herba Potentillae Discoloris(Diverse-color Cinquefoil) as the dried entire plant of (1). Potentilla discolor Bge. It is a plant of the Potentilla L. Genus, Rosaceae family, Rosales order. This commonly used species is introduced as:

  Potentilla discolor Bge (1).Potentilla discolor Bge.:  It is commonly known as potentilla discolor, diversecolor cinquefoil, Fān Bái Cǎo. Perennial herb. The root is stout, and the lower part is often thick and fusiform. Flower stems are erect, ascending or slightly spreading, 10~45 cm tall, densely covered with white woolly hairs. Basal leaves have lobules 2~4 pairs, spaced 0.8~1.5 cm, even petioles 4~20 cm long, petioles densely white woolly, sometimes villous; Leaflets opposite or alternate, sessile, lobules of film is round or long lanceolate, 1~5 cm long, 0.5~0.8 cm wide, apex obtuse, dilute acute, base cuneate, broadly cuneate or deflection of circular, margin obtuse serrate, dilute acute, the dark green, thin white cotton wool or fall off a few glabrous, densely covered with white or gray cotton wool, under the pulse do not show or slightly, 1 or 2 cauline leaves, 3~5 palmate lobules; Basal leaves are stipules membranous, brown, outer covered with white villous hairs, cauline leaves stipules grasslike, green, ovate or broadly ovate, margin often incised teeth, sparse entire, underside densely covered with white woolly hairs.

  Potentilla discolor Bge Inflorescences several or more flowers, diffuse, pedicels 1~2.5 cm long, outer woolly; Flowers are 1~2 cm in diameter; Sepals triangular-ovate, sepals lanceolate, shorter than sepals. Outer covered with whitish woolly; Petals yellow, obovate, apex slightly concave or obtuse, longer than sepals; Style subterminal, base papillary inflated, stigma slightly enlarged. Achene subreniform, ca. 1 mm wide, smooth. Its flower period is from May to September.

  Potentilla discolor Bge Ecological environment: It grows in wastelands, valleys, gullies, hillsides, meadows and sparse forests with altitude of 100~1,850 meters. It prefers slightly acidic to neutral, good drainage sandy loam, suitable for wet soil, also resistant to drought and barren. It is suitable for a mild dry climate. The plant is distributed in China, and North East Asia; In China, it is mainly distributed in the middle and lower reaches area of the Yangtze River, the Zhujiang river area, North China plain area, and Taiwan.


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