Herba Artemisiae Scophariae(Virgate Wormwood Herb).

TCM Herbalism:Medicinals and Classifications. ✵The TCM herbalism is also known as pharmaceutics of Traditional Chinese Medicine, or Chinese pharmaceutics, is the branch of health science dealing with the preparation, dispensing, and proper utilization of Chinese herbs. It is majorly composed of Introduction of Chinese Medicinals, Classification of Chinese Herbs, Formulas, and Patent medicines.

Classifications of Herbs:Herbs Clearing Heat and Drying Dampness.

 TCM Herbs Icon05 Introduction: Herbs Clearing Heat and Drying Dampness: an agent or substance bitter in taste and cold in property that is effective for eliminating heat and dampness, usually used in the treatment of diseases caused by damp-heat, such as acute jaundice, acute dysentery, urinary infection, eczema, boils and abscesses.

 
Classifications of Herbs.

 TCM Herbs Icon 05 Introduction: The Herbs Clearing Heat and Drying Dampness are known including:, , , , , , , , , , , , , , ,, , , , , , .

 ✵Till the date Oct 10th,2019, there are totally [22] kinds of common TCM herbs, [53] kinds of related plant species, are recorded in this category. These Herbs Clearing Heat and Drying Dampness are briefly introduced separately:

 
Herba Artemisiae Scophariae(Virgate Wormwood Herb).

 Herba Artemisiae Scophariae Brief Introduction: The Herb Herba Artemisiae Scophariae is the dried young shoot or flowering top of Artemisia scoparia Waldst.et Kit. Or Artemisia capillaris Thunb.(family Compositae), used to eliminate damp-heat in the liver and gallbladder for the treatment of jaundice and also for eczema. The herb is commonly known as Herba Artemisiae Scophariae, Virgate Wormwood Herb, Yīn Chén.

 ✵The herb Herba Artemisiae Scophariae(Virgate Wormwood Herb) is the dried young shoot or flowering top of Artemisia scoparia Waldst.et Kit. Or Artemisia capillaris Thunb., they are plants of the Artemisia genus, the Asteraceae(Compositae) family of the Asterales order. These 2 commonly used species are introduced as:

 Artemisia capillaris Thunb 01 (1).Artemisia capillaris Thunb.: The Artemisia capillaris Thunb., is a plant of the Compositae family and Artemisia genus, it is commonly known as "Artemisia capillaris", or "Yin Chen Hao". Semi-shrub herb, the plant has a strong aroma. The main root is woody, elongated vertically or obliquely downward; the rhizome is 5~8 mm in diameter, erect, sparsely slanted up or lying, often with fine vegetative shoots. Stems solitary or a few, 40~120 cm tall or longer, reddish-brown or brown, with inconspicuous longitudinal ribs, base wood, the upper part has many branches, upwardly obliquely extending; stems, branches early dense grayish-white or grayish-yellow enamel, the pilose is sparse.

 Artemisia capillaris Thunb 02 There are dense leaf clusters at the end of the vegetative shoots, and the basal leaves are densely populated, often forming rosettes; the basal leaves, the lower leaves of the stems and the vegetative foliage are both brownish-yellow or gray-yellow enamel pilose, and the lower leaves of the stems are shed. Leaves oval or ovate-elliptic, 2~5 cm long, 1.5~3.5 cm wide, 2- to 3-pinnately lobed, 2~3~4 lobes on each side, each lobate has 3~5 full-split, small lobes narrowly linear or narrowly lanceolate, usually straight, not curved, 5~10 mm long, 0.5~2 mm wide, 3~7 mm long petiole, axillary The middle leaves are broadly ovate, suborbicular or ovoid, 2~3 cm long, 1.5~2.5 cm wide, one to two pinnately lobed, small lobes narrowly linear or silky, usually straight, not curved, 8~12 mm long, 0.3~1 mm wide, subglabrous, apically apex, base lobes often half clasped.

 Artemisia capillaris Thunb 03 Flower heads ovoid, sparsely globose, many, 1.5~2 mm in diameter, sessately. The upper end of the stem consists of a large, spreading panicle; the total bracts are 3~4 layers, the outer bracts are grassy, ​​oval or elliptical, the back is yellowish, with green ribs, glabrous, membranous, medium, The inner sepals are elliptic, submembranous or membranous; inflorescences sessile, sessile; 6~10 female flowers, corolla narrowly tubular or narrowly connate, ca. Out of the corolla, apex 2-forked forked tip sharp; 3~7 bisexual flowers, infertile, corolla tubular, anthers linear, apex appendage tip, long triangle, base blunt, style short, upper rod like, 2-lobed, not The fork is open and the degenerate ovary is tiny. Achenes are oblong or long ovate. The flowering period is from July to October.

 Artemisia scoparia Wadldst.et Kit. (2).Artemisia scoparia Wadldst.et Kit.: The Artemisia scoparia Wadldst.et Kit., is a plant of the Compositae family and Artemisia genus, it is commonly known as "Artemisia scoparia", "virgate wormwood", or "Zhu Mao Hao(Pig Hair Artemisia)". Perennial herb or nearly one or two-year-old herb; the plant has a strong aroma. The main root is single, narrowly spindle-shaped, vertical, semi-timber or lignified; rhizomes are short, erect, semi-timber or woody, often with fine vegetative branches and dense leaves on branches.

 Stems are usually solitary, 2~3 pieces thin, 40~90~130 cm high, reddish-brown or brown, with longitudinal lines; often branching from the lower part, branches 10~20 cm or longer, lower branches, The upper branches are slanted upwards; the stems and branches are grayish-white or gray-yellow enamel when they are young, and then fall off. The basal leaves and the vegetative foliage are grayish-white enamel pilose on both sides.

 Leaves nearly round, long ovate, 2- to 3-pinnately lanceolate, long-stalked, pubescent Leaves long ovate or elliptic, 1.5~3.5 cm long, 1~3 cm wide, two to three-pinnately lobed, 3~4 lobes on each side, re-pinnately lobed, lobes 1~2 pieces, small lobes narrowly linear, 3~5 mm long, 0.2~1 mm wide, no longer split or with 1~2 small cracked teeth, petiole 2~4 cm long; middle leaves initially pubescent on both sides, After detachment, the leaves are oblong or long-ovate, 1~2 cm long, 0.5~1.5 cm wide, one to two pinnately lobed, 2~3 lobes on each side, not split or re-split, small The lobes are linear or hairy, 4~8 mm long, 0.2~0.3~0.5 mm wide, and somewhat curved; the upper leaves of the stem and the upper branches of the branches and the leaves of the bracts 3~5 are completely or not.

 Artemisia scoparia Wadldst.et Kit. Flower heads subglobose, sparsely ovoid, very numerous, 1~1.5~2 mm in diameter, very shortly racemes or sessile inflorescences, and reconstituted large, spreading panicles on stalks; 3~4 sates. The middle and inner lobes are long-ovate or elliptic, semi-membranous; inflorescences small, bulging; 5~7 female flowers, corolla narrowly conical or narrowly tubular, calyx 2-locate, style linear, exserted out of the corolla, apex 2 forks, fork tip; 4~10 bisexual flowers, infertile, corolla tubular, anther linear, apex appendage tip, long triangle, short style, apex swell, 2-lobed, not dilated, degraded The ovary is not obvious. Achenes are obovate or oblong, brown. The flowering period is from July to October.

 
 

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