Herba Abri(Canton Love-pea Vine)

TCM Herbalism:Medicinals and Classifications. ✵The TCM herbalism is also known as pharmaceutics of Traditional Chinese Medicine, or Chinese pharmaceutics, is the branch of health science dealing with the preparation, dispensing, and proper utilization of Chinese herbs. It is majorly composed of Introduction of Chinese Medicinals, Classification of Chinese Herbs, Formulas, and Patent medicines.

Classifications of Herbs:Herbs Clearing Heat and Drying Dampness.

 TCM Herbs Icon05 Introduction: Herbs Clearing Heat and Drying Dampness: an agent or substance bitter in taste and cold in property that is effective for eliminating heat and dampness, usually used in the treatment of diseases caused by damp-heat, such as acute jaundice, acute dysentery, urinary infection, eczema, boils and abscesses.

Classifications of Herbs.

 TCM Herbs Icon 05 Introduction: The Herbs Clearing Heat and Drying Dampness are known including:, , , , , , , , , , , , , , ,, , , , , , .

 ✵Till the date Oct 10th,2019, there are totally [22] kinds of common TCM herbs, [53] kinds of related plant species, are recorded in this category. These Herbs Clearing Heat and Drying Dampness are briefly introduced separately:

Herba Abri(Canton Love-pea Vine).

 Abrus cantoniensis Hance Brief Introduction: The Herb Herba Abri is the dried entire plant of Abrus cantoniensis Hance(family Leguminosae), used to clear heat, remove damp, soothe the liver and alleviate pain for treating hepatitis and epigastric pain. The herb is commonly known as Herba Abri, Canton Love-pea Vine, Jī Gǔ Cǎo.

 ✵Common herbal classics defined the herb Herba Abri(Canton Love-pea Vine) as the dried entire plant of species (1). Abrus cantoniensis Hance, it is a plant of the Abrus. Genus, the Leguminosae family of the Rosales order. This commonly used species is introduced as:

 Abrus cantoniensis Hance (1).Abrus cantoniensis Hance.:  It is commonly known as Guang Dong Xiang Si Zi or Canton Love-pea Vine. Climbing shrubs, 1 meter long; Branchlets and petioles covered with coarse hairs. Taproots are stout, up to 60 cm. Stem fine, dark reddish-purple, young part densely covered with tawny hair. Even feathered compound leaves; Leaflets 7~12 pairs, obovate-shaped or oblong, 5~12 mm long, 3~5 mm wide, apex truncate with small awn tips, base shallowly cordate, upper sparsely hirsute, lower clingy hirsute, veinlets protruding on both sides; Leaf support is opposite. Racemes short, axillary; Flower length is about 6 mm; Calyx bell shape; Corolla is prominent, reddish; 9 stamens, united into tubules, clingy with the flaps, distally; Ovary nearly sessile, style short. Pod is oblong, flat, sparsely hairy, with 4~5 seeds. Seeds are oblong, flat, brown-black, carumba distinct, waxy yellow, middle perforated, margin 1 oblong ring, navel brown needle-like, close to pod margin. It is flowering in August, fruiting from September to October.

  Abrus cantoniensis Hance Ecological environment: It grows on the edge of mountain or wild bush. Resource distribution: It is mainly distributed in Guangdong, Guangxi and other areas. Cultivation biological characteristics: It prefers warm, wet, afraid of cold, drought tolerance, avoid water logging. Loose, fertile loam, sandy loam, light clay, the pH 5-6.5 soil environment is suitable.

 Trait identification: belt root whole grass, much twine into bunches. Roots cylindrical or conical, branched, unequal in length and thickness, 3~15 mm in diameter; The surface is grayish brown, with fine longitudinal lines; Qualitative hard. Rhizome short, nodular. Stems tufted, long rattan, up to 1 meter long, 1.5~2.5 mm in diameter; Surface taupe, branchlets are brownish red, sparsely hairy; Leaves even feathered, leaflets oblong, 8~12 mm long, subsurface covered with pubescent hairs. Slight smell, slightly bitter taste. The herb with root thick, stem, leaf whole is better.


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