Introduction of Ji Gu Cao:Canton Love-pea Vine or Herba Abri.
✵The TCM herbalism is also known as pharmaceutics of Traditional Chinese Medicine, or Chinese pharmaceutics, is the branch of health science dealing with the preparation, dispensing, and proper utilization of Chinese herbs. It is majorly composed of Introduction of Chinese Medicinals, Classification of Chinese Herbs, Formulas, and Patent medicines.
Classifications of Herbs:Herbs Clearing Heat and Drying Dampness.
Introduction: Herbs Clearing Heat and Drying Dampness: an agent or substance bitter in taste and cold in property that is effective for eliminating heat and dampness, usually used in the treatment of diseases caused by damp-heat, such as acute jaundice, acute dysentery, urinary infection, eczema, boils and abscesses.
✵Till the date Oct 10th,2019, there are totally  kinds of common TCM herbs,  kinds of related plant species, are recorded in this category. These Herbs Clearing Heat and Drying Dampness are briefly introduced separately:
Herba Abri(Canton Love-pea Vine).
Pin Yin Name: Jī Gǔ Cǎo.
English Name: Canton Love-pea Vine.
Latin Name: Herba Abri.
Property and flavor: slight bitter, cool, sweet.
Brief introduction: The Herb Herba Abri is the dried entire plant of Abrus cantoniensis Hance(family Leguminosae), used to clear heat, remove damp, soothe the liver and alleviate pain for treating hepatitis and epigastric pain. The herb is commonly known as Herba Abri, Canton Love-pea Vine, Jī Gǔ Cǎo.
Botanical source: Common herbal classics defined the herb Herba Abri(Canton Love-pea Vine) as the dried entire plant of species (1). Abrus cantoniensis Hance, it is a plant of the Abrus. Genus, the Leguminosae family of the Rosales order. This commonly used species is introduced as:
(1).Abrus cantoniensis Hance.: Botanical description: It is commonly known as Guang Dong Xiang Si Zi or Canton Love-pea Vine. Climbing shrubs, 1 meter long; Branchlets and petioles covered with coarse hairs. Taproots are stout, up to 60 cm. Stem fine, dark reddish-purple, young part densely covered with tawny hair. Even feathered compound leaves; Leaflets 7~12 pairs, obovate-shaped or oblong, 5~12 mm long, 3~5 mm wide, apex truncate with small awn tips, base shallowly cordate, upper sparsely hirsute, lower clingy hirsute, veinlets protruding on both sides; Leaf support is opposite. Racemes short, axillary; Flower length is about 6 mm; Calyx bell shape; Corolla is prominent, reddish; 9 stamens, united into tubules, clingy with the flaps, distally; Ovary nearly sessile, style short. Pod is oblong, flat, sparsely hairy, with 4~5 seeds. Seeds are oblong, flat, brown-black, carumba distinct, waxy yellow, middle perforated, margin 1 oblong ring, navel brown needle-like, close to pod margin. It is flowering in August, fruiting from September to October.
Ecological environment: The plant grows on the edge of the mountain or wild bush. Resource distribution: The plant mainly distributes in Guangdong, Guangxi, and other areas of China. Cultivation biological characteristics: The plant prefers warm, wet, afraid of cold, drought tolerance, avoid waterlogging. Loose, fertile loam, sandy loam, light clay, the pH 5-6.5 soil environment is suitable.
Growth characteristics: The plant grows in the mountains or wilderness bush forest edge. It prefers warm, wet, afraid of cold, drought resistance, avoid waterlogging. The loose, fertile loam, sandy loam, light clay, pH 5~6.5 environment is suitable.
Characters of herbs: belt root whole grass, much twine into bunches. Roots cylindrical or conical, branched, unequal in length and thickness, 3~15 mm in diameter; The surface is grayish brown, with fine longitudinal lines; Qualitative hard. Rhizome short, nodular. Stems tufted, long rattan, up to 1 meter long, 1.5~2.5 mm in diameter; Surface taupe, branchlets are brownish red, sparsely hairy; Leaves even feathered, leaflets oblong, 8~12 mm long, subsurface covered with pubescent hairs. Slight smell, slightly bitter taste. The herb with root thick, stem, leaf whole is better.
Pharmacological actions: ①. Influence on intestinal smooth muscle: for normal isolated rabbit ileum, Herba Abri decoction can significantly enhance its contraction range, anesthesia rabbit intragastric administration or muscle decoction can also increase the tension in the intestines in place, peristalsis slightly enhanced. In an isolated guinea pig ileum test, high concentration decoction had obvious inhibitory effect on the contraction induced by acetylcholine, but had only slight inhibitory effect on the histamine, and had no effect on the barium chloride. ②. Enhance the swimming endurance of mice: Herba Abri decoction 5g/kg could significantly enhance the swimming endurance of mice. ③. Other effects: Crude saponins of Herba Abri have significant protective effect on liver injury caused by CCl4.
Medicinal efficacy: Clearing heat and eliminate dampness, dispersing stasis and relieving pain. It is indicated for jaundice hepatitis, stomachache, rheumatic bone pain, bruising pain, breast pain, etc.
Administration of Herba Abri(Jī Gǔ Cǎo):
Administration Guide of Herba Abri(Jī Gǔ Cǎo)
Internally:15~30 grams(CP),Internally:water decoction, 3~5 qian(about 9~15 grams), or prepare to pill,powder.Externally:mashed and apply stick(DCTM),Internally:water decoction, 15~30 grams, or prepared to pill, powder.Externally:proper amount,mashed and apply stick(CHMM).
1.Introduction of Ji Gu Cao:Canton Love-pea Vine or Herba Abri.
2.TCM Books:DCTM(Dictionary of the Chinese Traditional Medicine),CHMM(Chinese Herbal Materia Medica).