Fructus Bruceae(Java Brucea Fruit).

TCM Herbalism:Medicinals and Classifications. ✵The TCM herbalism is also known as pharmaceutics of Traditional Chinese Medicine, or Chinese pharmaceutics, is the branch of health science dealing with the preparation, dispensing, and proper utilization of Chinese herbs. It is majorly composed of Introduction of Chinese Medicinals, Classification of Chinese Herbs, Formulas, and Patent medicines.

Classifications of Herbs:Herbs Clearing Heat and Drying Dampness.

 TCM Herbs Icon05 Introduction: Herbs Clearing Heat and Drying Dampness: an agent or substance bitter in taste and cold in property that is effective for eliminating heat and dampness, usually used in the treatment of diseases caused by damp-heat, such as acute jaundice, acute dysentery, urinary infection, eczema, boils and abscesses.

Classifications of Herbs.

 TCM Herbs Icon 05 Introduction: The Herbs Clearing Heat and Drying Dampness are known including:, , , , , , , , , , , , , , ,, , , , , , .

 ✵Till the date Oct 10th,2019, there are totally [22] kinds of common TCM herbs, [53] kinds of related plant species, are recorded in this category. These Herbs Clearing Heat and Drying Dampness are briefly introduced separately:

Fructus Bruceae(Java Brucea Fruit).

 Java Brucea Fruit Brief Introduction: The Herb Fructus Bruceae is the dried ripe fruit of Brucea javanica(L.)Merr.(family Simurubaceae), used for treating amebic dysentery and malaria, also used externally for warts, clavus, and trichomonas vaginitis. The herb is commonly known as Fructus Bruceae, Java Brucea Fruit, Yā Dǎn Zi.

 Java Brucea Fruit ✵Common herbal classics and official herbal classics defined the herb Fructus Bruceae(Java Brucea Fruit) as dried ripe fruit of the plant species (1).Brucea javanica (L.)Merr. It is a plant of the Brucea J.F. Mill. Genus, Simaroubaceae DC. family, Sapindales order. This commonly used species is introduced as:

 Brucea javanica L.Merr. (1).Brucea javanica (L.)Merr.:  It is commonly known as Yā Dǎn Zi. The herb is commonly known as Java Brucea Fruit, Fruit of Java Brucea. Evergreen shrubs or small trees, 1.5~3~8 meters tall, golden plants covered with yellow fluff. Branchlets have yellow-white lenticels. Odd pinnate compound leaves alternate, 20~40 cm long; 5~11 leaflets, usually 7, opposite, ovate-lanceolate, 4~11 cm long, 2~4.5 cm wide, apex acuminate, base broadly cuneate, oblique, margin with triangular coarsely serrate, upper sparsely covered, below mipilose, veins especially dense. Cymose paniculate axillary, elongate, to 50 cm; Male inflorescence longer than leaf, 4 sepals, ovate, less than 1 mm long, outer flowered with yellowish stiffly covered hairs, margin sparsely glandular, 4 petals, oblong-lanceolate, outside hirsute, margin glandular, 4 stamens, disk developed, hemispherical; Female inflorescences shorter than leaves, sepals, petals identical to male flowers, but slightly larger, stamens with anthers not developed, disk cup-shaped, 4-lobed, carpels are usually 4, ovoid, glabrous, style reflexed, appressed to ovary. Drupe elliptic, purplish red to black, ca. 8 mm long, 5~6 mm wide, with raised reticular wrinkles when dry, slightly oblique. Its flowering period is from April to June, fruiting from August to October.

 Brucea javanica L.Merr. Ecological environment: It grows in sparse lime mountain forests at altitudes of 950~1,000 meters. Resources distribution: It is mainly distributed in the Zhujiang river area, Hainan, Taiwan, and southwest of China, and other areas.

 Brucea javanica L.Merr. Trait identification:Drupe ovate or elliptic, slightly oblate, 0.6~1 cm long, 4~7 mm in diameter, black on the surface, with a raised network wrinkles, the top with a short pointed beak style remnant, with more obvious edges on both sides of the abdomen and back, base blunt round, with a concave point like fruit stalk, flesh easy to peel off. The core of the fruit is hard, with a smooth gray-brown interior after breaking open, and contains 1 seed. Seeds are ovoid, 4~7 mm long, 3~5 mm in diameter, surface milky white or yellow-white, slightly raised reticulum, the tip of the short tip is like a beak, below the oblong umbilicus, near the base of the brown circular junction, the umbilicus and the junction between slightly raised ridge; Seed coat is thin, endosperm and embryo are oily. Slight smell and specific, taste extremely bitter. Those grain big, full, seed kernel white, oily sufficient is preferred.


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