Folium et Ramulus Cotini(Smoketree Twig).

TCM Herbalism:Medicinals and Classifications. ✵The TCM herbalism is also known as pharmaceutics of Traditional Chinese Medicine, or Chinese pharmaceutics, is the branch of health science dealing with the preparation, dispensing, and proper utilization of Chinese herbs. It is majorly composed of Introduction of Chinese Medicinals, Classification of Chinese Herbs, Formulas, and Patent medicines.

Classifications of Herbs:Herbs Clearing Heat and Drying Dampness.

 TCM Herbs Icon05 Introduction: Herbs Clearing Heat and Drying Dampness: an agent or substance bitter in taste and cold in property that is effective for eliminating heat and dampness, usually used in the treatment of diseases caused by damp-heat, such as acute jaundice, acute dysentery, urinary infection, eczema, boils and abscesses.

Classifications of Herbs.

 TCM Herbs Icon 05 Introduction: The Herbs Clearing Heat and Drying Dampness are known including:, , , , , , , , , , , , , , ,, , , , , , .

 ✵Till the date Oct 10th,2019, there are totally [22] kinds of common TCM herbs, [53] kinds of related plant species, are recorded in this category. These Herbs Clearing Heat and Drying Dampness are briefly introduced separately:

Folium et Ramulus Cotini(Smoketree Twig).

 Cotinus coggygria Brief Introduction: The Herb Folium et Ramulus Cotini is the dried leaf and branch of Cotinus coggygria Scop.var.cinera Engl.(family anacardiaceae), used for treating hepatitis with jaundice, dysentery, and eczema with pruritus. The herb is commonly known as Folium et Ramulus Cotini, Smoketree Twig, Huánɡ Lú.

 ✵Common herbal classics and official herbal classics defined the herb Folium et Ramulus Cotini(Smoketree Twig) as the dried leaf and branch of (1). Cotinus coggygria Scop.var.cinera Engl. It is a plant of the Cotinus Genus, Anacardiaceae family, Sapindales order. This commonly used species is introduced as:

 Cotinus coggygria (1).Cotinus coggygria Scop.var.cinera Engl.: It is commonly known as Huánɡ Lú. Deciduous shrubs or trees, up to 8 meters tall. Leaves are alternate, obovate, 3~8 cm long, 2.5~6 cm wide, apex rounded or concave, base rounded or broadly cuneate, entire, glabrous or pubescent only on lower veins, lateral veins 6~11 pairs, apex often bifurcated; Petiole slender, 1.5 cm long. Large panicle terminal; Anthesis, ca. 3 mm; 5 sepals, lanceolate; 5 petals, oblong, as long as sepals; 5 stamens, shorter than petals; Ovary superior, with 2~3 short lateral styles. The ear is 5~20 cm long, with most sterile flowers long and slender pedicels, becoming purple and green feather shape. Stone fruit renal, 3~4 mm in diameter, red when ripe. It is flowering in April, fruiting in June.

  Cotinus coggygria It prefers light, also endure half shade; Cold-resistant, drought resistant and could grow in barren and alkaline soil, not resistant to water moisture, should be planted in deep soil, fertile and good drainage sandy loam. Fast growth, developed root system, sprout strong. Strong resistance to sulfur dioxide. In autumn, when the temperature difference between day and night is greater than 10 ℃, the leaves turn red.

 Ecological environment: It is often found on sunny slopes. Native to southwest China, north China, it is distributed mainly in north, southwest of China, and the lower reaches area of the Yangtze River. It is also produced in Southern Europe, Syria, Iran, Pakistan.


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