Rhizoma Paridis(Paris Rhizome).

TCM Herbalism:Medicinals and Classifications. ✵The TCM herbalism is also known as pharmaceutics of Traditional Chinese Medicine, or Chinese pharmaceutics, is the branch of health science dealing with the preparation, dispensing, and proper utilization of Chinese herbs. It is majorly composed of Introduction of Chinese Medicinals, Classification of Chinese Herbs, Formulas, and Patent medicines.

Classifications of Herbs:Herbs Clearing Heat and Counteracting Toxins.

 TCM Herbs Icon05 Introduction: Herbs Clearing Heat and Counteracting Toxins: an agent or substance herbs that counteracts heat toxins or fire toxins, mainly indicated in the treatment of boils, sores, abscess, erysipelas, epidemic infectious diseases, mumps, dysentery, insect or snake bite, and burns.

Classifications of Herbs.

 TCM Herbs Icon 05 Introduction: The Herbs Clearing Heat and Counteracting Toxins are known including:,,, ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,.

 ✵Till the date Oct 10th,2019, there are totally [28] kinds of common TCM herbs, [43] kinds of related plant species, [3] fungus species, are recorded in this category. These Herbs Clearing Heat and Counteracting Toxins are briefly introduced separately:

Rhizoma Paridis(Paris Rhizome).

 Rhizoma Paridis Brief Introduction: The herb Rhizoma Paridis is the dried rhizome of Paris polyphylla Smith var.yunnanensis(Franch.)Hara(family Liliaceae), used for treating acute pyogenic inflammations, and also used as an anticonvulsive in the treatment of infantile convulsion. The herb is commonly known as Rhizoma Paridis, Paris Rhizome, Zhònɡ Lóu.

 ✵Common herbal classics and official herbal classics defined the herb Rhizoma Paridis(Paris Rhizome) as the dried rhizome of (1). Paris polyphylla Smith var. chinenisi (Franch) Hara.,Or (2). Paris polyphylla Smith var. yunnanensis (Franch.)Hand. -Mazz. They are plants of the Paris L. genus, Liliaceae family, Liliflorae order. These 2 commonly used species are introduced as:

 Paris polyphylla Smith var.chinenisi Franch Hara. (1).Paris polyphylla Smith var. chinenisi (Franch) Hara.::  It is commonly known as Huá Zhònɡ Lóu, Qī Yè Yī Zhī Huá(Seven-leaves One-Flower). Herbs perennial, ca. 50 cm tall. Rhizome brown, transverse and hypertrophic, up to 3 cm thick, surface rough with nodes, fibrous fibrous fibrous roots on nodes. Stem simple, erect, cylindrical, smooth glabrous, base often purplish red. Leaves 5~9, usually 7 pieces, round born at the top of the stem, strong as an umbrella, on which 1 flower, so-called "seven-leaf flower"; Petiole 1~3 cm long, leaf blade papery or membranous, narrowly ovate or oblanceolate, 7~9 cm long, 2~5 cm wide, apex acute, base cuneate. Summer yellow-green flowers, pedicels drawn from stem tips, unbranched, somewhat longer than leaves, flowers solitary terminal; Sepals 5~6, foliate, ovate-lanceolate; 5~6 petals, slender, sometimes slightly enlarged above, ca. 1.5 mm wide, usually shorter than calyx; Stamen 2 wheel, septum protruding part is narrower than anther, length 0.2~2 mm; Ovary ribbed, apical to style purple, remainder yellow-green; Capsule loculicidal. Horn-leaf flower: shaped like a Chinese horn-leaf flower, but the leaves short round or inverted lanceolate moment round, base round or rarely sharp; Petals filamentous, nearly apically tapering, equal to or longer than 2 times the calyx, ca. 1 mm wide.

 Paris polyphylla Smith var.chinenisi Franch Hara. Ecological environment: It grows in the grass area at an altitude of 600~1,350 meters (2000) in the shade of a forest or beside a ravine. It is a Yin prefer plant, which grows well in loose and fertile soil with certain water retention capacity. It is distributed in Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Taiwan, Hubei, Guangdong, Guangxi, Sichuan, Guizhou and Yunnan.

 Paris polyphylla Smith var.chinenisi Franch Hara. Trait identification:This herb is nodular flat cylindrical, slightly curved, 5~12 cm long, 1.0~4.5 cm in diameter. The surface is yellowish-brown or grayish brown, and the peeling part is white. Thick ring grain that provides layer shape protrusion closely, one side nodule is apparent, the nodule is provided elliptic sag stem mark, the other side has the fibrous root of thin unripe or verrucous fibrous root mark. Apex with scaly leaf and stem residue. The qualitative firm, the section is flat, white arrives shallow brown, pink sex or horny. No odor, slightly bitter taste.

 Paris polyphylla Smith var. yunnanensis Franch.Hand.-Mazz. (2).Paris polyphylla Smith var. yunnanensis (Franch.)Hand.-Mazz.:  It is commonly known as Kuān Bàn Zhònɡ Lóu, or Wide lobe Polyphylla. Plants 35~100 cm tall, glabrous; Rhizome thick, up to 1~2.5 cm in diameter, brown outside, densely growing many segments, and many fibrous roots. Stems usually purplish red, 1~1.5 cm in diameter (0.8-), with 1~3 pale dry membranous sheaths at base. Leaves 6~12, thickly papery, lanceolate, ovate-rectangular or obovate-lanceolate, petiole 0.5~2 cm long. Outer tepals lanceolate or narrowly lanceolate, 3~4.5 cm long, inner tepals 6~8, striate, 3-6 mm wide above middle, 1/2 or nearly as long as outer tepals; 8~12 stamens, anthers 1~1.5 cm long, filaments very short, drug septum protrusion about 1~3 mm long; Ovary globose, style stubby, apex 5~10 branched. Capsule purple, 1.5~2.5 cm in diameter, 3~6 valves dehiscent. Seeds numerous, with a bright red mucous coat. Its flowering period is from June to July, fruiting from September to October.

 Paris polyphylla Smith var. yunnanensis Franch.Hand.-Mazz. Ecological environment: It grows in forests or roadside at an altitude of 1,400~2,000~3,600 meters. It prefers a cool, damp environment. Much of it grows in well-shaded, damp, tree-lined ground and weeds from raw gullies. The optimum temperature for the germination of the top bud of the broad petal double floor is between 18-20 ℃, and the seedlings can only emerge after the temperature is above 20℃. The above-ground plants need to continue to grow at 16-20 ℃, while the underground roots need to grow at 14-18 ℃. Suitable for growth in the altitude of 2,000~3,000 meters under the shade of the forest, strong light will make the leaves wither, it is most suitable for the altitude of 2,300~2,700 meters, the climate is cool, the rainfall is an appropriate place to grow. It grows well in the slightly acid humus soil or red loam with good water permeability, and it is not suitable to grow in the soil with sticky weight and easy water accumulation and hardening. It is distributed in Hubei, Guangxi, Sichuan, Guizhou and Yunnan.


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