Rhizoma Belamcandae(Blackberrylily Rhizome)

TCM Herbalism:Medicinals and Classifications. ✵The TCM herbalism is also known as pharmaceutics of Traditional Chinese Medicine, or Chinese pharmaceutics, is the branch of health science dealing with the preparation, dispensing, and proper utilization of Chinese herbs. It is majorly composed of Introduction of Chinese Medicinals, Classification of Chinese Herbs, Formulas, and Patent medicines.

Classifications of Herbs:Herbs Clearing Heat and Counteracting Toxins.

 TCM Herbs Icon05 Introduction: Herbs Clearing Heat and Counteracting Toxins: an agent or substance herbs that counteracts heat toxins or fire toxins, mainly indicated in the treatment of boils, sores, abscess, erysipelas, epidemic infectious diseases, mumps, dysentery, insect or snake bite, and burns.

 
Classifications of Herbs.

 TCM Herbs Icon 05 Introduction: The Herbs Clearing Heat and Counteracting Toxins are known including:,,, ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,.

 ✵Till the date Oct 10th,2019, there are totally [28] kinds of common TCM herbs, [43] kinds of related plant species, [3] fungus species, are recorded in this category. These Herbs Clearing Heat and Counteracting Toxins are briefly introduced separately:

 
Rhizoma Belamcandae(Blackberrylily Rhizome).

 Blackberrylily Rhizome Brief Introduction: The herb Rhizoma Belamcandae is the dried rhizome of Belamcanda chinensis(L.)DC.(family Iridaceae), used in the relief of painful swelling of the throat, cough, and dyspnea with profuse expectoration. The herb is commonly known as Rhizoma Belamcandae, Blackberrylily Rhizome, Shè Gān.

 ✵Common herbal classics defined the herb Rhizoma Belamcandae(Blackberrylily Rhizome) as the dried rhizome of (1).Belamcanda chinensis(L.)DC.(Belamcanda Adans genus, Iridaceae family, Liliflorae order.). This commonly used species is introduced as:

 Belamcanda chinensis DC. (1).Belamcanda chinensis(L.)DC.: It is commonly known as Belamcanda chinensis (L.) Redouté, Blackberrylily, Shè Gān. Leaves alternate, nested, sword-shaped, 20~60 cm long, 2~4 cm wide, basally sheath clasping, apically acuminate, without midrib.

 Inflorescences terminal, branched forklike, apex of each branch clustered with several flowers; Pedicels slender, ca. 1.5 cm long; Pedicels and inflorescence branches are covered with membranous bracts, bracts lanceolate or ovoid; Flowers orange-red, scattered purple-brown spots, diameter 4~5 cm; Perianth lobes arranged in 6, 2 rounds, outer perianth lobes obovate or oblong, ca. 2.5 cm long, ca. 1 cm wide, apex obtuse or concave, base cuneate, inner wheel slightly shorter and narrower than outer perianth lobes; 3 stamens, 1.8~2 cm long, inserted at base of outer perianth lobes, anthers striate, extraneous dehiscent, filaments subcylindrical, base slightly flat and wide; Style slightly flattened upper, apex 3-lobed, margin of lobes slightly curving outwardly, ovary subovaries, obovate, 3-locules, axillary placenta, ovules numerous.

 Belamcanda chinensis DC. Capsule obovate or oblong, yellowish-green, 2.5~3 cm long, 1.5~2.5 cm in diameter, apical without beak, often survived withering perianth, when mature loculus dehiscent, fruit petals outwardly, central with upright fruit axis; Seeds globose, dark purple, glossy, ca. 5 mm in diameter, borne on fruiting axis. Its flowering period is from June to August, fruiting from July to September.

 Ecological environment: It grows in forest margin or hillside grassland, mostly in the lower elevation of the place, but in the southwest mountains, the elevation of 2,000~2,200 meters can also grow. Warm and sunny, resistant to drought and cold, the soil requirements are not strict, hillside dry land can be cultivated, fertile and loose. Sandy loam with high terrain and good drainage is preferred. Neutral loam or slightly alkaline suitable, avoid low-lying land and saline-alkali land. Distributed in tropical, subtropical and temperate regions of the world, the distribution center in southern africa and tropical America. Produced in many provinces of Yellow River and Yangtze River area of China. Also produced in other areas of East Asia and Siberia.

 Belamcanda chinensis DC. Trait identification: Rhizome irregularly nodular, branched, 3~10 cm long, 1~2 cm in diameter. Surface yellow-brown, dark brown or black-brown, wrinkled uneven, there are obvious links and longitudinal lines. There are disc-shaped pits on the stem, sometimes residual stem base; There are residual fine roots and root marks below and on both sides. Hard, broken surface color yellow, granular. Slight smell, bitter taste, slightly pungent. The one thick, hard, broken complexion yellow is better.

 
 

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