Introduction of Ma Bo:Puff-ball or Lasiosphaera seu Calvatia.
✵The TCM herbalism is also known as pharmaceutics of Traditional Chinese Medicine, or Chinese pharmaceutics, is the branch of health science dealing with the preparation, dispensing, and proper utilization of Chinese herbs. It is majorly composed of Introduction of Chinese Medicinals, Classification of Chinese Herbs, Formulas, and Patent medicines.
Classifications of Herbs:Herbs Clearing Heat and Counteracting Toxins.
Introduction:Herbs Clearing Heat and Counteracting Toxins:an agent or substance herbs that counteracts heat toxins or fire toxins, mainly indicated in the treatment of boils, sores, abscess, erysipelas, epidemic infectious diseases, mumps, dysentery, insect or snake bite, and burns.
✵Till the date Oct 10th,2019, there are totally  kinds of common TCM herbs,  kinds of related plant species,  fungus species, are recorded in this category. These Herbs Clearing Heat and Counteracting Toxins are briefly introduced separately:
Lasiosphaera seu Calvatia(Puff-ball).
Pin Yin Name: Mǎ Bó.
English Name: Puff-ball.
Latin Name: Lasiosphaera seu Calvatia.
Property and flavor: neutral, pungent.
Brief introduction: The herb Lasiosphaera seu Calvatia is the dried sporophore of Lasiosphaera fenzlii Reich., Calvatia gigantea(Batsch ex Pers.) Lloyd or Calvatia lilacina(Mont.et Berk.) Lloyd(family Lycoperdaceae), used to clear heat, counteract toxins, soothe the throat and arrest bleeding for treating painful swelling of the throat and hoarseness of voice in cases of wind-heat afflictions or fire in the lung, and also for epistaxis, hematemesis and traumatic bleeding. The herb is commonly known as Lasiosphaera seu Calvatia, Puff-ball, Mǎ Bó.
Botanical source: Common herbal classics and official herbal classics defined the herb Lasiosphaera seu Calvatia(Puff-ball) as the dried sporophore of (1). Lasiosphaera fenzlii Reich., or (2). Calvatia gigantea(Batsch ex Pers.) Lloyd., or (3). Calvatia lilacina(Mont.et Berk.) Lloyd.(Lycoperdon genus, Grifolidae family.). These 3 commonly used species are introduced as:
(1).Lasiosphaera fenzlii Reich.: It is also known as Tuō Pí Mǎ Bó. A deciduous parasitic fungus, bearing body nearly spherical or nearly oblong, diameter 15~30 cm, white when young, gradually deep when mature, enveloped by thin, when mature into a lump spalling; The inlay is papery, light smoky, completely broken when ripe. The internal spore body into a tight mass, grayish brown, gradually light; Spores long, branched, most united into dense masses; Spore spherical, ca. 5 microns in diameter, brown, spiny. (6~8 microns in diameter, including small spines)
Ecological environment: The plant grows in mountainous areas where humus is abundant. The plant distributes in the Yangtze River area, southwest, northwest, and other areas of China.
Characters of herbs: the fruiting body is flat spherical or spherical, 15~18 cm in diameter or larger. Rind gray-brown to tawny, papery, often broken into pieces or has been completely shed. The Mǎ Bó that removes skin shows yellow-brown or tan cotton batting shape. Body light bubble, soft, elastic, containing numerous spores, slightly twist there is dust spore flying out. It has a delicate and soft feeling when you twist it with your hands. Faint smell. It is better to have a big, full and elastic foam.
Pharmacological actions: The Lasiosphaera fenzlii has a hemostatic effect. The decoction has an inhibitory effect on Staphylococcus aureus, Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Streptococcus pneumoniae as well as a few pathomycete.
Medicinal efficacy: Clear lung and relieve sore throat, detoxify and stop bleeding. It is indicated for wind-heat lung inhibition and sore throat, sore throat and swelling, cough, loss of voice and hoarseness, epistaxis and vomiting blood, external treatment for nose bleeding, trauma bleeding, all sores do not collect.
Administration of Lasiosphaera seu Calvatia(Mǎ Bó):
Administration Guide of Lasiosphaera seu Calvatia(Mǎ Bó)
Internally:1.5~6 grams. Externally:proper amount, apply stick at affected area(CP), Internally:water decoction, 0.5~1 qian(about 1.5~3 grams), or prepare to pill, powder. Externally:grinded into fine powder, apply stick, or blow(DCTM), Internally:water decoction, 1.5~6 grams, or prepared to pill, powder. Externally:grinded into fine powder and apply, or apply stick, or blow(CHMM).
(2).Calvatia gigantea(Batsch ex Pers.)Lloyd.: It is also known as Dà Mǎ Bó. saprophyte, fruiting body nearly spherical to oblong, 15~20 cm in diameter, almost no stem bearing. The envelope is thin, easy to disappear, white on the outside, yellow on the inside and brown on the inside. When it was born, it contained a lot of water, then the water leaked out and gradually dried out. The outer layer was broken into chunks and the inner layer was separated. The inner layer was blue-brown, paper-like, easy and elastic, and spore was scattered when it was shaken. Spore globose, smooth or sometimes with minute wart, pale bluish yellow, 3.5~5 microns in diameter. Spore filaments long, the same color as spores, slightly branched, sparsely transverse, 2.5~6 microns thick.
Ecological environment: The plant grows out in Autumn and occurs between woodlands and bamboo forests. The plant distributes in the Yangtze River area, southwest, northwest, and other areas of China.
Characters of herbs: the fruiting body has been compressed into an irregular block. The outer coat is thick, hard and crisp, yellowish-brown. The inner envelope is grayish-yellow, paper, inside for sporophyte, pale blue-brown, flocculent, gently twist that has dust spore flying out. Faint smell, slightly bitter taste.
(3).Calvatia lilacina(Mont.et Berk.)Lloyd.: It is also known as Zǐ Sè Mǎ Bó. The main differentiation point between Calvatia lilacina and the upper species is fruiting gyro shape, small, usually 5~12 cm in diameter, spore-producing in the upper oblate circle, sterile in the lower part, forming a long cylindrical stalk, also known as stalked Mǎ Bó; When the spore is old and ripe, the upper part is completely broken and only the cup-shaped sterile base is left. Spore spherical, 4 ~ 5.5 microns in diameter, spines; Spore filaments long, branched, transverse, interwoven, pale, 2~5 microns thick.
Ecological environment: The plant grows on a meadow in the wilderness. The plant distributes in the Yangtze River area, the Zhujiang river area, southwest, northwest, and other areas of China.
Characters of herbs: the fruiting body was oblate or cup shape, 5~12 cm in diameter. Basally stipitate, purple-brown, coarsely wrinkled, rounded concave, thin, eversion. Upper envelope has been shed, revealing purple flocculent sporophyte. The body light bubble has elasticity, with the hand of numerous spore flying. Faint smell.
1.Introduction of Ma Bo:Puff-ball or Lasiosphaera seu Calvatia.
2.TCM Books:DCTM(Dictionary of the Chinese Traditional Medicine),CHMM(Chinese Herbal Materia Medica).