Herba Violae(Violet Herb).

TCM Herbalism:Medicinals and Classifications. ✵The TCM herbalism is also known as pharmaceutics of Traditional Chinese Medicine, or Chinese pharmaceutics, is the branch of health science dealing with the preparation, dispensing, and proper utilization of Chinese herbs. It is majorly composed of Introduction of Chinese Medicinals, Classification of Chinese Herbs, Formulas, and Patent medicines.

Classifications of Herbs:Herbs Clearing Heat and Counteracting Toxins.

 TCM Herbs Icon05 Introduction:Herbs Clearing Heat and Counteracting Toxins:an agent or substance herbs that counteracts heat toxins or fire toxins, mainly indicated in the treatment of boils, sores, abscess, erysipelas, epidemic infectious diseases, mumps, dysentery, insect or snake bite, and burns.

Classifications of Herbs.

 TCM Herbs Icon 05 Introduction: The Herbs Clearing Heat and Counteracting Toxins are known including:,,, ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,.

 ✵Till the date Oct 10th,2019, there are totally [28] kinds of common TCM herbs, [43] kinds of related plant species, [3] fungus species, are recorded in this category. These Herbs Clearing Heat and Counteracting Toxins are briefly introduced separately:

Herba Violae(Violet Herb).

 Violet Herb Brief Introduction: The herb Herba Violae is the dried herb of Viola yedoensis Makino(family Violaceae), used to clear heat and counteract toxins for the treatment of acute pyogenic infections such as boils, sores and abscesses, and also for venomous snake-bite. The herb is commonly known as Herba Violae, Violet Herb, Zǐ Huā Dì Dīnɡ.

 ✵The herb Herba Violae(Violet Herb) is the dried herb of Viola yedoensis Makino., it is a plant of the Viola L. genus, the Violaceae family of the Malpighiales order. This commonly used species is introduced as:

 Viola yedoensis Makino.01 (1).Viola yedoensis Makino.: The Viola yedoensis Makino., is a plant of the Violaceae family and Viola genus, perennial herb, without stems above ground, 4~14 cm tall, fruiting up to 20 cm tall. Rhizomes short, vertical, light brown, 4~13 mm long, 2~7 mm thick, densely hatched, with several light brown or nearly white fine roots. Leaves mostly, basal, rosettelike; leaf blade usually lower smaller, triangular-ovate or narrowly ovate, upper ones long, oblong, narrowly ovate-lanceolate or oblong-ovate, 1.5~4 cm, 0.5~1 cm wide, apex rounded, base truncate or cuneate, sparsely cordate, margins flattened crenate, both surfaces glabrous or minutely short-bred, sometimes just below along leaf veins short hairs In fruiting period, the leaves are enlarged, and the length can reach more than 10 centimeters and the width can reach 4 centimeters. The petiole is usually 1~2 times longer than the leaves at the flowering stage, the upper part has extremely narrow wings, and the fruiting period can reach more than 10 centimeters. Wing wide, glabrous or shortly slender; stipules membranous, pale or pale green, 1.5~2.5 cm long, 2-3-3-4/5 connate with petiole, free part linear-lanceolate, margin sparsely fimbriate, finely toothed or nearly entire glands.

 Viola yedoensis Makino.02 Flowers medium-sized, purplish or lavender, thinly white, throat lighter with purple stripes; pedicels usually mostly thin, as long as leaves or taller than leaves, glabrous or shortly hairy, near middle 2 bracteoles linear; bracts ovate-lanceolate or lanceolate, 5~7 mm long, apex acuminate, base appendages short, 1~1.5 mm long, distally rounded or truncate, margin membranous White rimless, glabrous or shortly hairy; petals obovate or oblong-obovate, lateral petals long, 1~1.2 cm, inside glabrous or bearded, below petals 1.3~2 cm long, with purple veins inside From the thin tube, 4~8 mm long, round at the end; anther length approx. 2 mm, appendage at the top of the septum ca. 1.5 mm, lower 2 stamens at the back, narrow tube, 4~6 mm long, slightly slender at ends Ovary ovate, glabrous, style clavate, slightly longer than ovary, base slightly geniculate, stigma triangular, slightly thickened on both sides and rear to slightly bulging rim, slightly flattened at the top, shortly beaked in front. Capsule fruit oblong, 5~12 mm long, glabrous; seeds ovoid, 1.8 mm long, pale yellow flower. The fruiting period is from mid-late April to September.

 Ecological environment: It grows in fields, wasteland, hillside grass, forest edge or thicket. It is distributed in most areas of China.

 Trait identification:this herb is more wrinkled into a group. Taproots yellowish-brown, 1~3 mm in diameter, with fine longitudinal lines. Leaves grayish-green, lanceolate or ovate-lanceolate after flattening, 4~10 cm long, 1~4 cm wide, apex obtuse, apex obtuse, base truncates or slightly cordate, margin indented serrate, both surfaces hairy; Petiole has narrow wings. Flower stem slender; Flowers mauve, petals from slender tubular. Capsule elliptic or split into three fruit what, most seeds. Slightly bitter and slightly sticky. The color green, yellow root for the best.


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