Herba Scutellariae Barbatae(Barbated Skullcap Herb).

TCM Herbalism:Medicinals and Classifications. ✵The TCM herbalism is also known as pharmaceutics of Traditional Chinese Medicine, or Chinese pharmaceutics, is the branch of health science dealing with the preparation, dispensing, and proper utilization of Chinese herbs. It is majorly composed of Introduction of Chinese Medicinals, Classification of Chinese Herbs, Formulas, and Patent medicines.

Classifications of Herbs:Herbs Clearing Heat and Counteracting Toxins.

 TCM Herbs Icon05 Introduction:Herbs Clearing Heat and Counteracting Toxins:an agent or substance herbs that counteracts heat toxins or fire toxins, mainly indicated in the treatment of boils, sores, abscess, erysipelas, epidemic infectious diseases, mumps, dysentery, insect or snake bite, and burns.

Classifications of Herbs.

 TCM Herbs Icon 05 Introduction: The Herbs Clearing Heat and Counteracting Toxins are known including:,,, ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,.

 ✵Till the date Oct 10th,2019, there are totally [28] kinds of common TCM herbs, [43] kinds of related plant species, [3] fungus species, are recorded in this category. These Herbs Clearing Heat and Counteracting Toxins are briefly introduced separately:

Herba Scutellariae Barbatae(Barbated Skullcap Herb).

 Barbated Skullcap Herb Brief Introduction: The herb Herba Scutellariae Barbatae is the dried entire plant of Scutellaria barbata D. Don(family Labiatae), used for the treatment of boils and sore, cirrhosis of the liver with ascites, and snake- and insect bite. It is commonly known as Barbed Skullcap Herb, Herb of Barbed Skullcap, Bàn Zhī Lián.

 ✵Common herbal classics and official herbal classics defined the herb Herba Scutellariae Barbatae(Barbated Skullcap Herb) as the dried entire plant of (1).Scutellaria barbata Don. It is a plant of the Scutellaria Linn. Genus, Lamiaceae family, Lamiales order plant. This commonly used species is introduced as:

 Scutellaria barbata Don. (1).Scutellaria barbata Don.:  Herbs perennial, 15~50 cm tall. Stem four-prismatic, glabrous or sparsely appressed to small hairs at the upper part of the inflorescence axis, unbranched or with more or fewer branches. Leaves on a; Petiole length 1~3 mm; Leaf blade ovate, triangular-ovate or lanceolate, 1~3 cm long, 0.4~1.5 cm wide, apex acute or slightly obtuse, base broadly cuneate or sub truncate, margin sparsely shallowly obtuse, upper olive-green, lower purplish, both surfaces sparsely appressed short or subglabrous along veins, lateral veins 2-3 pairs, with midvein ascending below. Flowers opposite, lateral, arranged into 4~10 terminal or fur-bearing racemes; Subbracts leaflike, smaller, upper gradually becoming smaller, entire; Pedicels 1~2 mm long, puberulent, 1 pair of acicular bracteoles about 0.5 mm in the middle; Calyx 2~2.5 mm long, to 4 mm when fruiting, outer veins puberulent, lobes shortly hairy, shield 1 mm high, to 2 mm when fruiting. Corolla blue-purple, 1~1.4 cm long, pubescent outside, the base of corolla tube saclike, 1.5 mm wide, gradually widened upward to 3.5 mm throat, upper lip cap too, ca. 2 mm long, lower lip wider, middle lobe trapezoid, ca. 3 mm long, lateral lobes triangular-ovate. Stamens 4, longer to anteriorly, with the fertile half, a degenerative half drug not obvious, shorter to anteriorly, with a complete, sparsely pubescent lower part of filament; Disk-shaped, anterior raised, posterior extended into a short ovary stalk; Ovary 4-lobed, style slender. Nutlet brown, oblate, ca. 1 mm in diameter, with small warty projections. Its flowering period is from May to October, fruiting from June to November.

 Scutellaria barbata Don. Ecological environment: The plant grows on stream, field, or wet grassland. Resource distribution: The plant mainly distributes in the east and south area, the middle reaches area of the Yangtze River, the north area, the Hanjiang river area, China.

 Trait identification: whole grass length 15~30 cm. Roots slender. Stem 4-prism, 2~5 mm in diameter, yellowish-green to dark purple. Leaves opposite, wrinkled or curly, ovate-lanceolate, 1.5~3 cm long, 0.5~1 cm wide, sparsely pilose, dark green above, grayish-green below; Petiole short or nearly no shank. Branch apex with racemes to one side, with residual persistent calyx, sometimes containing four small nuts. The stem is soft and easily broken. Slight smell, bitter taste. With color green, taste bitter better.


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