Herba Patriniae(Patrinia).

TCM Herbalism:Medicinals and Classifications. ✵The TCM herbalism is also known as pharmaceutics of Traditional Chinese Medicine, or Chinese pharmaceutics, is the branch of health science dealing with the preparation, dispensing, and proper utilization of Chinese herbs. It is majorly composed of Introduction of Chinese Medicinals, Classification of Chinese Herbs, Formulas, and Patent medicines.

Classifications of Herbs:Herbs Clearing Heat and Counteracting Toxins.

 TCM Herbs Icon05 Introduction:Herbs Clearing Heat and Counteracting Toxins:an agent or substance herbs that counteracts heat toxins or fire toxins, mainly indicated in the treatment of boils, sores, abscess, erysipelas, epidemic infectious diseases, mumps, dysentery, insect or snake bite, and burns.

Classifications of Herbs.

 TCM Herbs Icon 05 Introduction: The Herbs Clearing Heat and Counteracting Toxins are known including:,,, ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,.

 ✵Till the date Oct 10th,2019, there are totally [28] kinds of common TCM herbs, [43] kinds of related plant species, [3] fungus species, are recorded in this category. These Herbs Clearing Heat and Counteracting Toxins are briefly introduced separately:

Herba Patriniae(Patrinia).

 Herba Patriniae Brief Introduction: The herb Herba Patriniae is the dried entire plant of Patrinia scabiosaefolia Fisch. Or Patrinia villosa Juss.(family Valerianaceae), used for clearing heat, counteracting toxins, evacuating pus, dispelling blood stasis and relieving pain in the treatment of lung abscess, acute appendicitis, boils, sores, ulcers, and postpartum abdominal pain. The herb is commonly known as Herba Patriniae, Patrinia, Bài Jiànɡ Cǎo.

 Patrinia scabiosaefolia Fisch. ✵Common herbal classics and official herbal classics defined the herb Herba Patriniae(Patrinia) as the dried entire plant of (1). Patrinia scabiosaefolia Fisch. (2). Patrinia villosa Juss. They are plants of the Patrinia genus, Valerianaceae family, Rubiales order plant. These 2 commonly used species are introduced as:

 Patrinia scabiosaefolia Fisch. (1).Patrinia scabiosaefolia Fisch.:  It is commonly known as Yellow-flower Patrinia. Herbs perennial, 50~130 cm tall. Roots and stems have a peculiar odor. Stem erect, yellow-green purplish, upper branched. Basal leaves fasciculate, ovate-lanceolate, not divided or pinnate, stipitate. Cauline leaves opposite, shortly sessile or subsessile, leaf blade pinnate deeply lobed, central lobes larger, lanceolate, apex acuminate, base cuneate, margin with large serrate irregularly. Cymes corymbose, terminal or axillary. Inflorescence base bracts 1 pair, striate. Calyx short, 5 teeth inconspicuous; Corolla tube short yellow, upper 5-lobed, endophytic white long hair; 4 stamens, ovary inferior, stigma capitate. Achene, elliptic, trigonal. Its flowering period is from July to August, fruiting from September to October.

 Patrinia scabiosaefolia Fisch. Ecological environment: The plant is suitable to be cultivated in a moist environment and cold tolerance, but it is better to plant it in fertile sandy soil. The plant grows in areas at an altitude of 700~1,600 meters above sea level, on the mountain slope, wasteland. The plant distributes in the Guizhou province of China.

 Patrinia villosa Juss. (2).Patrinia villosa Juss.: It is commonly known as White-flower Patrinia. Herbs perennial, 50~120 cm tall; Underground rhizome long and crosswalk, occasionally on the surface of prostrate growth; Stem densely white appressed coarsely hairy or longitudinally appressed shortly appressed laterally joined to two petioles, sometimes glabrous. Basal leaves clustered, leaf blade ovate, broadly ovate or ovate-lanceolate to oblong-lanceolate. Inflorescences of terminal panicles or cymes, branches to 5-6, peduncle densely scabrous with long or only 2 rows of scabrous hairs. Achene obovate, adnate with persistently enlarged bracts. It is flowering from August to October, fruiting from September to November.

 Patrinia villosa Juss. Ecological environment: The plant grows in the area at an altitude of 50~400~1500~2000 meters above sea level, in mountain forests, forest margins or thickets, grass. In China, it mainly distributes in the Yangtze River area and the Zhujiang river area, Taiwan.


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