Herba Lobeliae Chinensis(Chinese Lobelia Herb).

TCM Herbalism:Medicinals and Classifications. ✵The TCM herbalism is also known as pharmaceutics of Traditional Chinese Medicine, or Chinese pharmaceutics, is the branch of health science dealing with the preparation, dispensing, and proper utilization of Chinese herbs. It is majorly composed of Introduction of Chinese Medicinals, Classification of Chinese Herbs, Formulas, and Patent medicines.

Classifications of Herbs:Herbs Clearing Heat and Counteracting Toxins.

 TCM Herbs Icon05 Introduction: Herbs Clearing Heat and Counteracting Toxins: an agent or substance herbs that counteracts heat toxins or fire toxins, mainly indicated in the treatment of boils, sores, abscess, erysipelas, epidemic infectious diseases, mumps, dysentery, insect or snake bite, and burns.

Classifications of Herbs.

 TCM Herbs Icon 05 Introduction: The Herbs Clearing Heat and Counteracting Toxins are known including:,,, ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,.

 ✵Till the date Oct 10th,2019, there are totally [28] kinds of common TCM herbs, [43] kinds of related plant species, [3] fungus species, are recorded in this category. These Herbs Clearing Heat and Counteracting Toxins are briefly introduced separately:

Herba Lobeliae Chinensis(Chinese Lobelia Herb).

 Lobelia chinensis Lour Brief Introduction: The herb Herba Lobeliae Chinensis is the dried entire plant of Lobelia chinensis Lour.(family Campanulaceae), used to clear heat, counteract toxins and induce diuresis for treating anasarca, ascites, boils and snake-and insect-bite. The herb is commonly known as Herba Lobeliae Chinensis, Chinese Lobelia Herb, Bàn Biān Lián.

 ✵Common herbal classics and official herbal classics defined the herb Herba Lobeliae Chinensis(Chinese Lobelia Herb) as the dried entire plant of (1). Lobelia chinensis Lour. It is a plant of the Lobelia L. Genus, Campanulaceae family, Campanulales order plant. This commonly used species is introduced as:

 Lobelia chinensis Lour (1).Lobelia chinensis Lour.:  It is commonly known as Bàn Biān Lián, Chinese Lobelia Herb, Herb of Chinese Lobelia, Chinese Lobelia. Herbaceous perennial, tall to 10 cm. Stem slender, much prostrate on the ground, root at nodes, branches erect, glabrous, broken with white breast sweat. Leaves alternate; Sessile or nearly sessile; Leaf blade narrowly lanceolate or striate, 8~25 mm long, apex acute, entire or undulate sparsely shallowly serrate, glabrous. Flowers bisexual, usually 1 flower, upper leaf axils branched, base with 2, 1 or no bracteoles ca. 1 mm long, bracteoles glabrous; Calyx tube obconate, base tapering and pedicels not distinctly distinguished, 3~5 mm long, glabrous, 5 lobes, narrowly triangular; Corolla pink or white, 10~15 mm long, abaxially lobed to base, below larynx with white pilose, 5 lobes, all spreading below, one plane, 2 lateral lobes lanceolate, longer, 3 middle lobes elliptic-lanceolate, shorter; 5 stamens, ca. 8 mm, anthers connate upper, anthers 2 hairy below, 3 glabrous above, lower half of filament separated. 1 pistil, ovary inferior, 2 hairy, 3 glabrous above, filaments lower half separated; 1 pistil, ovary inferior, 2-locule. Capsule obconical, ca. 6 mm long. Seeds elliptic, slightly flattened, nearly fleshy. Its flowering period is from May to August, fruiting from August to October.

 Lobelia chinensis Lour Ecological environment: continuous harvest for many years after planting. In summer and autumn, the plant grows luxuriantly, chooses sunny days, pick the herb with root, wash and dry. Resources distribution: The plant mainly distributes in the Yangtze River area and the Zhujiang river area, and the southwest area of China.

 Trait identification:all length 15~35 cm, often tangles. Roots fine, lateral slender fibrous roots. Rhizome slender cylindrical, 1~2 mm in diameter; Surface light yellow or yellowish-brown, with fine longitudinal lines. Stem slender, branched, grayish-green, articulate. Leaves alternate, sessile, shriveled, greenish-brown, narrowly lanceolate or small, solitary in leaf axils; Corolla joined at the base, upper 5 lobed, lateral. Light smell, taste light sweet and spicy. With stem leaf color green, root yellow is better.


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