Herba Commelinae(Common Dayflower Herb).

TCM Herbalism:Medicinals and Classifications. ✵The TCM herbalism is also known as pharmaceutics of Traditional Chinese Medicine, or Chinese pharmaceutics, is the branch of health science dealing with the preparation, dispensing, and proper utilization of Chinese herbs. It is majorly composed of Introduction of Chinese Medicinals, Classification of Chinese Herbs, Formulas, and Patent medicines.

Classifications of Herbs:Herbs Clearing Heat and Counteracting Toxins.

 TCM Herbs Icon05 Introduction: Herbs Clearing Heat and Counteracting Toxins: an agent or substance herbs that counteracts heat toxins or fire toxins, mainly indicated in the treatment of boils, sores, abscess, erysipelas, epidemic infectious diseases, mumps, dysentery, insect or snake bite, and burns.

Classifications of Herbs.

 TCM Herbs Icon 05 Introduction: The Herbs Clearing Heat and Counteracting Toxins are known including:,,, ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,.

 ✵Till the date Oct 10th,2019, there are totally [28] kinds of common TCM herbs, [43] kinds of related plant species, [3] fungus species, are recorded in this category. These Herbs Clearing Heat and Counteracting Toxins are briefly introduced separately:

Herba Commelinae(Common Dayflower Herb).

 Commelina communis Brief Introduction: The herb Herba Commelinae is the dried aerial part of Commelina communis L.(family Commelianceae), used (1).to clear heat and counteract toxins for treating warm diseases, boils, sores, and painful swelling of the throat, and (2).to induce diuresis in cases of edema and heat stranguria. The herb is commonly known as Herba Commelinae, Common Dayflower Herb, Yā Zhí Cǎo.

 ✵Common herbal classics and official herbal classics defined the herb Herba Commelinae(Common Dayflower Herb) as the dried aerial part of (1). Commelina communis L. It is a plant of the Commelina L. genus, Commelinaceae family, Farinosae order plant. This commonly used species is introduced as:

 Commelina communis L. (1).Commelina communis L.:  It is commonly known as Yā Zhí Cǎo(literally it means Duck Foot Sole Grass) or Common Dayflower Herb, annual herb. 15~60 cm high. Many roots. Stem much branched, with longitudinal ribs, base prostrate, upper erect, leaf sheath and upper part of stem covered with short hairs. Leaves alternate, sessile or subsessile; Leaf blade ovoid lanceolate or lanceolate, 4~10 cm long, 1~3 cm wide, apex acuminate, base deciduous into a membranous sheath, clasped, entire involucre flaccid, stalk 1.5~4 cm long, opposite leaves, cordate, slightly sickle curved, apex short acute, 1.5~2.4 cm long, margin often hirsute. Cymes on upper branches, 3~4 flowers, with short pedicels, bearing the lowest part of branches, 1 flower, pedicels ca. 8 mm; 3 sepals, ovate, ca. 5 mm long, ca. 3 mm wide, membranous; 3 petals, dark blue, 1 smaller ovate, ca. 9 mm long, 2 larger subcircular, clawed, ca. 15 mm long; 6 stamens, can breed 3, filament length about 13 mm, 3 steriles, filament shorter, glabrous, apex butterfly shape; 1 pistil, ovary subequal, ovate, style filiform and long. Capsule elliptic, 5~7 mm long, 2-locule, 2-lobed, 2 seeds per loculus. Seeds are 2~3 mm long, surface uneven, with a white dot. Its flowering period is from July to September, fruiting from September to October.

 Commelina communis L. Ecological environment: The plant grows in the humid shade area at an altitude of 100~2,400 meters above sea level, it grows in a gully, roadside, field ridge, wasteland, house side corner, hillside, and forest edge grass. The plant distributes in most of the north and south areas of China.

 Commelina communis L. Trait identification: whole grass length to 60 cm, yellow-green, old stem slightly square, smooth surface, with several longitudinal edges, the diameter of about 2 mm, node enlargement, base node often fibrous roots. Section solid, central medullated. Leaves alternate, wrinkled into a group, thin brittle, fragile; Leaves ovate-lanceolate or lanceolate, 3~9 cm long, 1~3 cm wide, apex apiculate, entire, base descending into a membranous sheath, clasping, veins parallel. Inflorescences cymes, involucre heart-ovate, folded, margin not united; Flowers deciduous, sepals membranous, petals bluish-black. Light smell, sweet, light. Yellow and green are preferred.


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