✵The TCM herbalism is also known as pharmaceutics of Traditional Chinese Medicine, or Chinese pharmaceutics, is the branch of health science dealing with the preparation, dispensing, and proper utilization of Chinese herbs. It is majorly composed of Introduction of Chinese Medicinals, Classification of Chinese Herbs, Formulas, and Patent medicines.
Classifications of Herbs:Herbs Clearing Heat and Counteracting Toxins.
Introduction: Herbs Clearing Heat and Counteracting Toxins: an agent or substance herbs that counteracts heat toxins or fire toxins, mainly indicated in the treatment of boils, sores, abscess, erysipelas, epidemic infectious diseases, mumps, dysentery, insect or snake bite, and burns.
✵Till the date Oct 10th,2019, there are totally  kinds of common TCM herbs,  kinds of related plant species,  fungus species, are recorded in this category. These Herbs Clearing Heat and Counteracting Toxins are briefly introduced separately:
Herba Andrographitis(Common Andrographis Herb).
Brief Introduction: The herb Herba Andrographitis is the dried aerial part of Andrographis paniculata(Burm.f.) Nees(family Acanthaceae), used to clear heat, counteract toxins, dry dampness and reduce swelling for the treatment of wind-heat afflictions, warm diseases at the early stage, heat in the lung with cough and dyspnea, lung abscess, damp-heat dysentery, and painful swelling of the throat. The herb is commonly known as Herba Andrographitis, Common Andrographis Herb, Chuān Xīn Lián.
✵The herb Herba Andrographitis(Common Andrographis Herb) is the dried aerial part of (1). Andrographis paniculata(Burm.f.) Nees., it is a plant of the Andrographis genus, the Acanthaceae(acanthus family) family of the Lamiales order. This commonly used species is introduced as:
(1).Andrographis paniculata (Burm.f.) Nees.: The Andrographis paniculata (Burm.f.) Nees., is a plant of the Acanthaceae family and Andrographis genus, it is commonly known as "Andrographis paniculata", or "Common Andrographis Herb, Herb of Common Andrographis, Green chirayta, king of bitters, andrographis", or "Chuan Xin Lian". Annual herbs. Stem erect, 4-wood, much branched, nodes branched, nodes slightly swollen, easily broken. Leaves opposite; Leaf blade lanceolate elliptic, apex acuminate, base cuneate, margin shallow, both surfaces glabrous.
Racemes terminal and axillary, integrated large panicles; Bracts and bracteoles small, lanceolate; Calyx glandular hairs; Corolla lilac, bilip, upper lip and bracteoles tiny, lanceolate; Calyx glandular hairs; Corolla mauve, bilabial, upper lip hill, 2 cleft, lower lip erect, 3 lobes, lobes imbricate, corolla tube and lip equal length; 2 stamens, outstretched, 2 locules, locules are large and small, large base with whiskers, filaments hairy. Capsule fruit oblong, long elliptic, ca. 1 cm long, with a han in the middle, minute glandular hairs. 12 seeds, square. Its flowering period is from September to October, fruit period is from October to November.
Ecological environment: The plant grows in the wild of tropical, subtropical areas. It is also planted in the south warm areas of the Yangtze river, China.
Trait identification: Stems square columnar, much-branched, 50~70 cm long, nodes slightly swollen; Brittle and easily broken. Leaves opposite, petiole short or subsessile; Leaf blade shriveled, brittle, whole flattened lanceolate or ovate-lanceolate, 3~12 cm long, 2~5 cm wide, apex acuminate, base cuneate decurrent, entire or undulate. The upper surface is green, the lower surface is gray-green, and the two sides are smooth. Slight smell, very bitter taste.