Introduction of Da Qing Ye:Dyers Woad Leaf or Folium Isatidis.

TCM Herbalism:Medicinals and Classifications. ✵The TCM herbalism is also known as pharmaceutics of Traditional Chinese Medicine, or Chinese pharmaceutics, is the branch of health science dealing with the preparation, dispensing, and proper utilization of Chinese herbs. It is majorly composed of Introduction of Chinese Medicinals, Classification of Chinese Herbs, Formulas, and Patent medicines.

Classifications of Herbs:Herbs Clearing Heat and Counteracting Toxins.

 TCM Herbs Icon05 Introduction: Herbs Clearing Heat and Counteracting Toxins: an agent or substance herbs that counteracts heat toxins or fire toxins, mainly indicated in the treatment of boils, sores, abscess, erysipelas, epidemic infectious diseases, mumps, dysentery, insect or snake bite, and burns.

 
Classifications of Herbs.

 TCM Herbs Icon 05 Introduction: The Herbs Clearing Heat and Counteracting Toxins are known including:,,, ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,.

 ✵Till the date Oct 10th,2019, there are totally [28] kinds of common TCM herbs, [43] kinds of related plant species, [3] fungus species, are recorded in this category. These Herbs Clearing Heat and Counteracting Toxins are briefly introduced separately:

 
Folium Isatidis(Dyers Woad Leaf).

Folium Isatidis Pin Yin Name: Dà Qīnɡ Yè.
 English Name: Dyers Woad Leaf.
 Latin Name: Folium Isatidis.
 Property and flavor: cold, bitter.

 Brief introduction: The herb Folium Isatidis is the dried leaf of Isatis indigotica Fort.(family Cruciferae), used to clear heat, counteract toxins and cool the blood for treating warm diseases at the nutrient and blood stages with eruption, and also for mumps, painful swollen throat and erysipelas. The herb is commonly known as Folium Isatidis, Dyers Woad Leaf, Dà Qīnɡ Yè.

 Botanical source: The herb Folium Isatidis(Dyers Woad Leaf) is the dried leaf of (1). Isatis indigotica Fort., it is a plant of the Isatis genus, the Brassicaceae family of the Brassicales order. This commonly used species is introduced as:

 Isatis tinctoria L. (1).Isatis tinctoria L.: The Isatis tinctoria L. is a plant of the Cruciferae family and Isatis genus, commonly known as "Song Lan", biennial herb. Main root deep, diameter 5~8 mm, skin gray-yellow. Stem erect, high 40~90 cm. Leaves alternate; basal leaves larger, with handles, leaves oblong-elliptic; cauline leaves oblong to oblong-oblanceolate, lower leaves larger, gradually smaller, 3.5~11 cm long, 0.5~3 cm wide, apex obtuse, base arrow-shaped, semi-bivalve, entire or not obvious serrated. Calyx racemes: flowers small, 3~4 mm in diam., Adaxially, slender; calyx 4, green; petals 4, yellow, obovate; 6 stamens, 4 strong; 1 pistil, oblong. Siliques oblong, winged, with midrib. 1 seed. It is flowering in May, fruiting in June.

 Isatis indigotica Fort. The Isatis indigotica Fort., is a plant of the Cruciferae family and Isatis genus, commonly known as "Cao Da Qing", it has small differences from the Isatis tinctoria L. the difference is that the leaf base of this species is auriculae, obtuse and concave top fruit, or full truncated. Flowering in May. Fruit in June.

 Ecological environment: The plant grows in the field water edge, mostly for cultivation. The plant mainly distributes in the Yangtze River area, the Zhujiang river area, northwest, southwest, and other areas of China.

 Characters of herbs: Leaves are often shrunken and broken. Leaf-blade intact oblong to oblong-obaculate, 4~16 cm long, 1~4cm wide, apex obtuse or obtuse, base tapered downward into a pterygoid petiole; Whole edge or microwave-like, upper and lower surfaces are grayish-green or brown-green, glabrous, pinnately reticulate, main veins protrusive on the lower surface. The herb is very brittle. The smell is slight and it tastes slightly bitter. It is better to have large leaves and green color.

 Pharmacological actions: ①.The herb has an antibacterial effect, decoction in the test tube has a bactericidal effect on a variety of dysentery bacilli, also has a killing effect to meningococcus. It also has a killing effect on the leptospira bemona group, jaundice hemorrhagic group Walden type, and seven-day fever type. The tryptamine ketone contained in the herb has a strong antibacterial effect on the tinea pedis bacteria. It is particularly effective against bacilli and dermatophytes. ②.Anticancer effect, ③.The antipyretic effect, ④. choleretic effect, ⑤.Anti-inflammatory effect, ⑥.The effect on the immune system, ⑦.the effect on the heart and vascular system, ⑧.The effect on smooth muscle, ⑨.Effect on platelet aggregation.

 Medicinal efficacy: Clear heat, detoxify, cool blood, stop bleeding, eliminate spots. It is indicated for warm pathogen attacking the Ying system, warm disease excessive heat and polydipsia, hyperpyrexia and coma, macula and papula, exanthesis, jaundice, diarrhea and dysentery, heat dysentery, bacillary dysentery, mumps, pharyngitis, erysipelas, carbuncle swelling, influenza, acute infectious hepatitis, acute gastroenteritis, acute pneumonia, hematemesis(spitting blood), epistaxis(nose bleeding), canker, carbuncle sore swelling poison, etc.  

 Administration of Folium Isatidis(Dà Qīnɡ Yè): 
 
Reference: Administration Guide of Folium Isatidis(Dà Qīnɡ Yè)
TCM Books: Internally:9~15 grams(CP),Internally:water decoction, 3~5 qian(about 9~15 grams),fresh herb 1~2 liang(about 30~60 grams),or extract juice.Externally:mashed and apply stick or wash with water decoction(DCTM),Internally:water decoction, 10~15 grams, fresh herb 30~60 grams, or extract juice and take.Externally:mashed and apply stick, or wash with water decoction(CHMM).


 
 
References:
  • 1.Introduction of Da Qing Ye:Dyers Woad Leaf or Folium Isatidis.
  • 2.TCM Books:DCTM(Dictionary of the Chinese Traditional Medicine),CHMM(Chinese Herbal Materia Medica).

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