Introduction of Yin Chai Hu:Starwort Root or Radix Stellariae.

TCM Herbalism:Medicinals and Classifications. ✵The TCM herbalism is also known as pharmaceutics of Traditional Chinese Medicine, or Chinese pharmaceutics, is the branch of health science dealing with the preparation, dispensing, and proper utilization of Chinese herbs. It is majorly composed of Introduction of Chinese Medicinals, Classification of Chinese Herbs, Formulas, and Patent medicines.

Classifications of Herbs:Herbs Clearing Heat and Cooling the Blood.

 TCM Herbs Icon05 Introduction:Herbs Clearing Heat and Cooling the Blood: an agent or substance herbs that has the effect of eliminating pathological heat from the nutrient and blood systems in cases of warm diseases marked by fever accompanied by delirium, eruptions and bleeding symptoms, and also in other diseases with bleeding due to heat in the blood.

Radix Stellariae(Starwort Root).

Stellaria dichotoma Pin Yin Name: Yín Chái Hú.
 English Name: Starwort Root.
 Latin Name: Radix Stellariae.
 Property and flavor: cool, sweet, bitter.

 Brief introduction: The herb Radix Stellariae is the dried root of Stellaria dichotoma L.var.lanceolata Bge.(family Caryophyllaceae), used for clearing heat of deficiency type and malnutritional fever in children. The herb is commonly known as Radix Stellariae, Starwort Root or Yín Chái Hú.

 Botanical source: The herb Radix Stellariae(Starwort Root) is the dried root of Stellaria dichotoma L.var.lanceolata Bge., it is a plant of the Stellaria L genus, the Caryophyllaceae family of the Centrospermae order.

 Common official herbal classics and Other famous herbal classics defined the herb Radix Stellariae(Starwort Root) as the dried root of (1). Stellaria dichotoma L.var.lanceolata Bge. This commonly used species is introduced as:

 Stellaria dichotoma (1).Stellaria dichotoma L.var.lanceolata Bge.:
 Botanical description: Perennial herb, 20~40 cm tall. Taproots cylindrical, 1~3 cm in diameter, yellowish rind, with many verrucous stem residues at root head. Stem erect and slender, upper bifurcated, densely covered with short or glandular hairs; Abridged. Leaves opposite; Sessile; Leaf blade lanceolate, 4~30 mm long, 1.5~4 mm wide, apex acute, base rounded, entire, upper sparsely hirsute or nearly glabrous, lower hirsute. Flowers solitary in leaf axils, about 3 mm in diameter; Pedicels ca. 2 cm; 5 sepals, lanceolate, ca. 4 mm long, green, margin white membranous; 5 petals, shorter than guide, white, apex 2 deeply lobed; 10 stamens, 2-wheeled, filaments connate at base, yellow; Ovary superior, 3 styles, slender. Capsule subglobose, externally persistent calyx, apex 6-dentate cleft at maturity. Seeds usually 1, elliptic, dark brown, seed coat with many small projections. It is flowering from June to July, fruiting from August to September.

 Stellaria dichotoma Ecological environment: The plant grows on the dry steppe and rocky slopes. Resource distribution: The plant mainly distributes in west-north, north, and other areas of China.

 Growth characteristics: The stellaria dichotoma grows in dry grasslands, crevices, or rubble of suspended rock. It prefers a warm or cool climate, cold resistance, avoid water immersion. It is suitable for sandy soil cultivation.

 Characters of herbs: the root is cylindrical, 15~40 cm long and 1~2 cm in diameter. 5 cm, many roots broken. Surface yellow-white or pale yellow flowers, longitudinally wrinkled. It is obviously twisted downward and gradually wu to the left, with thin holelike depressions (fine root marks), which is called trachoma by xi. The head of the root at the top is slightly enlarged, with dense grey-brown-brown color, vertical-shaped protruding stem marks and sterile buds. Xi called it "pearl dish". Hard and brittle, easy to break, fracture section; The bark is very thin, and the wood has a yellow and white radial texture. Slight smell, mild taste, slightly sweet.

 Pharmacological actions: The water decocted alcohol precipitation solution of the herb has an antipyretic effect, which can reduce serum cholesterol concentration so that the content of lipids in the aorta decreased. Besides, it has bactericidal effects.

 Medicinal efficacy: Clear heat, eliminate infantile malnutrition with fever. It is indicated for Yin deficiency fever, bone steaming and consumptive fever, infantile malnutritional stagnation and fever.

 Administration of Radix Stellariae(Yín Chái Hú): 
Reference: Administration Guide of Radix Stellariae(Yín Chái Hú)
TCM Books: Internally:3~9 grams(CP),Internally:water decoction, 1~3 qian(about 3~9 grams), or prepare to pill,powder(DCTM),Internally:water decoction, 5~9 grams, or prepared to pill, powder(CHMM).

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  • 1.Introduction of Yin Chai Hu:Starwort Root or Radix Stellariae.
  • 2.TCM Books:DCTM(Dictionary of the Chinese Traditional Medicine),CHMM(Chinese Herbal Materia Medica).

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