Radix Stellariae(Starwort Root).

TCM Herbalism:Medicinals and Classifications. ✵The TCM herbalism is also known as pharmaceutics of Traditional Chinese Medicine, or Chinese pharmaceutics, is the branch of health science dealing with the preparation, dispensing, and proper utilization of Chinese herbs. It is majorly composed of Introduction of Chinese Medicinals, Classification of Chinese Herbs, Formulas, and Patent medicines.

Classifications of Herbs:Herbs Clearing Heat and Cooling the Blood.

 TCM Herbs Icon05 Introduction:Herbs Clearing Heat and Cooling the Blood: an agent or substance herbs that has the effect of eliminating pathological heat from the nutrient and blood systems in cases of warm diseases marked by fever accompanied by delirium, eruptions and bleeding symptoms, and also in other diseases with bleeding due to heat in the blood.

 
Classifications of Herbs.

 TCM Herbs Icon 05 Introduction: The Herbs Clearing Heat and Cooling the Blood are known including:,,,,,,,,,.

 ✵Till the date Oct 10th,2019, there are totally [10] kinds of common TCM herbs, [15] kinds of related plant species, are recorded in this category. These Herbs Clearing Heat and Cooling the Blood. are briefly introduced separately:

 
Radix Stellariae(Starwort Root).

 Stellaria dichotoma Brief Introduction: The herb Radix Stellariae is the dried root of Stellaria dichotoma L.var.lanceolata Bge.(family Caryophyllaceae), used for clearing heat of deficiency type and malnutritional fever in children. The herb is commonly known as Radix Stellariae, Starwort Root or Yín Chái Hú.

 ✵The herb Radix Stellariae(Starwort Root) is the dried root of Stellaria dichotoma L.var.lanceolata Bge., it is a plant of the Stellaria L genus, the Caryophyllaceae family of the Centrospermae order.

 Common official herbal classics and Other famous herbal classics defined the herb Radix Stellariae(Starwort Root) as the dried root of (1). Stellaria dichotoma L.var.lanceolata Bge. This commonly used species is introduced as:

 Stellaria dichotoma (1).Stellaria dichotoma L.var.lanceolata Bge.: Perennial herb, 20~40 cm tall. Taproots cylindrical, 1~3 cm in diameter, yellowish rind, with many verrucous stem residues at root head. Stem erect and slender, upper bifurcated, densely covered with short or glandular hairs; Abridged. Leaves opposite; Sessile; Leaf blade lanceolate, 4~30 mm long, 1.5~4 mm wide, apex acute, base rounded, entire, upper sparsely hirsute or nearly glabrous, lower hirsute. Flowers solitary in leaf axils, about 3 mm in diameter; Pedicels ca. 2 cm; 5 sepals, lanceolate, ca. 4 mm long, green, margin white membranous; 5 petals, shorter than guide, white, apex 2 deeply lobed; 10 stamens, 2-wheeled, filaments connate at base, yellow; Ovary superior, 3 styles, slender. Capsule subglobose, externally persistent calyx, apex 6-dentate cleft at maturity. Seeds usually 1, elliptic, dark brown, seed coat with many small projections. It is flowering from June to July, fruiting from August to September.

 Stellaria dichotoma Ecological environment: the plant grows on dry steppe and rocky slopes. Resource distribution: It is distributed in westnorth, north and other areas of China. In recent years, it was cultivated on trial in taole, pingluo, guyuan, xiji, longde, pengyang and other counties of ningxia province, China.

 Trait identification: the root is cylindrical, 15~40 cm long and 1~2 cm in diameter. 5 cm, many roots broken. Surface yellow-white or pale yellow flowers, longitudinally wrinkled. It is obviously twisted downward and gradually wu to the left, with thin holelike depressions (fine root marks), which is called trachoma by xi. The head of the root at the top is slightly enlarged, with dense grey-brown-brown color, vertical-shaped protruding stem marks and sterile buds. Xi called it "pearl dish". Hard and brittle, easy to break, fracture section; The bark is very thin, and the wood has a yellow and white radial texture. Slight smell, mild taste, slightly sweet.

 
 

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