✵The TCM herbalism is also known as pharmaceutics of Traditional Chinese Medicine, or Chinese pharmaceutics, is the branch of health science dealing with the preparation, dispensing, and proper utilization of Chinese herbs. It is majorly composed of Introduction of Chinese Medicinals, Classification of Chinese Herbs, Formulas, and Patent medicines.
Classifications of Herbs:Astringents and Hemostatics Herbs.
Introduction:Astringents and Hemostatics Herbs:also known as discharge-arresting herbs, an agent or substance that arrests discharges such as sweat, diarrhea, urine, blood, leukorrhea and semen.
✵Till the date March 19th, 2020, there are Totally  kinds of common TCM herbs,  kinds of related plant species,  kinds of related animals species,  kinds of related minerals,  kind of related inorganic substance, are recorded in this category. These Astringents and Hemostatics Herbs. are briefly introduced separately:
Brief Introduction: The Herb Semen Myristicae is the dried kernel of Myristica fragrans Houtt.(family Myristicaceae), used as an antidiarrhetic agent by warming the spleen and stomach for the treatment of chronic diarrhea. The herb is commonly known as Semen Myristicae, Nutmeg, Ròu Dòu Kòu.
✵Common official herbal classics and other famous herbal classics defined the herb Semen Myristicae(Rou Dou Kou) as the seed, or kernel(or dry kernel) of the Myristicaceae family Myristica L. genus plant species (1). Myristica fragrans Houtt. Common herbal classics of the USA defined the herb Nutmeg(and Mace) as from species (1). Myristica fragrans Houtt. "The kernel is dried to produce nutmeg and the aril is dried to produce mace. Steam distillation of both yields an essential oil.". Common herbal classics of Europe defined the herb Nutmeg as the seed of species (1). Myristica fragrans Houtt. It is a plant of the Myristica Gronov genus, the Myristicaceae family of the Rosales order. This commonly used species is introduced as:
(1).Myristica fragrans Houtt.: The Myristica fragrans Houtt., is a plant of the Myristicaceae family Myristica L. genus, it is commonly known as "Myristica fragrans Houtt", or "Myristica fragrans, Nutmeg:myristica, nux moschata;Mace:macis, muscade.", or "Ròu Dòu Kòu". Evergreen trees are up to 20 meters tall. Leaves alternate; Elliptic lanceolate or oblong-lanceolate, 5~15 cm long, leathery, apex caudate, base acute, entire margin, pale yellowish-brown upper, darker lower complexion, reddish-brown veins; Petiole length 6~12 mm.
Female flowers; The racemes of male flowers are 2.5~5 cm long. Bracts scaly; Flowers sparsely growing, yellowish-white, elliptic or pitcher - shaped, 6 mm long, pendulous; 9~12 anthers, with cylindrical shank.
Fruit pear-shaped or nearly round in shape, drooping, 3.5~6 cm long, reddish or yellow, ripen into 2 valves longitudinally, showing hibanium-red pseudo seed skin, seeds globose, seed skin reddish-brown, woody.
Traits of the Herb: dry seed ovum round or oval, 2~3.5 cm long, 1.5~2.5 cm wide. Appearance grayish-brown to brown, rough, reticulate groove, one side has an obvious longitudinal groove (planting ridge position), the wide end has light round bulge (planting umbilical position), the narrow end has dark concave (joining point position). Qualitative hard. In the longitudinal section, the surface layer of dark brown endosperm extends into the human white endosperm, interlacing and forming a marbling texture. There are pits at the wide end where dry, wrinkled embryos can be seen. The smells are fragrant and strong, tastes spicy and slightly bitter. It is better to be big, heavy, firm and fragrant.
Ecological environment: The Myristica fragrans Houtt., was native to Maluku Islands, widely cultivated in tropical regions. Geographical distribution: This species mainly cultivated in some areas of east south Asia and Brazil. This species has been introduced in China and cultivated in provinces Guangdong, Guangxi, Taiwan, and Yunnan. The main output areas are Malaysia.
Growth habit: It likes a tropical and subtropical climate. Suitable growth temperature of 25~30 Deg C, cold resistance is weak, cold damage in 6 Deg C. Annual rainfall should be between 1700 and 2300 mm, avoid water accumulation. Young trees like shade, old trees like the light. Suitable for cultivation with thick, soft, fertile and well-drained loam.
Nutmeg is known by many names, such as Myristica fragrans, mace, magic, muscdier, muskatbaum, myristica, noz moscada, nuez moscada, and nux moschata. Nutmeg
Nutmeg tree branch. is most commonly used as a cooking spice, comes from the fruit of a 50 ft (15.24 meters) tall tropical evergreen tree. This tree grows in Southeast Asia, New Guinea. The bark is smooth and grayish brown with green young branches and leaves. The oblong, fleshy fruit, called the nutmeg apple, contains a nut from which nutmeg is made. The dried nut and essential oil are both used as medicine.
The nutmeg tree is a large evergreen native to the Banda Islands in the Moluccas and grows to a height of about 18 m. It produces fruits fifteen to twenty years after planting. The fruit of the nutmeg tree, which is similar in color and size to apricot, splits when ripe revealing the brilliant red arils encasing the brown nut. The red arils on drying become orange and are the mace of commerce. The nut is also dried until the kernel inside rattles.
The tree is about 25 feet (7.62 m) high, has a greyish-brown smooth bark, abounding in a yellow juice. The branches spread in whorls - alternate leaves, on petioles about 1 inch (2.54 cm) long, elliptical, glabrous, obtuse at base - acuminate, aromatic, dark green and glossy above, paler underside and 4~6 inches (15.24 cm) long. Flowers dioecious, small in axillary racemes. Peduncles and pedicles are glabrous. Male flowers three to five more on a peduncle. Calyx urceolate, thick and fleshy, covered with an indistinct reddish pubescence dingy pale yellow, cut into three erect teeth. Female flowers differ little from the male, except the pedicel is often solitary. The fruit is a pendulous, globose drupe, consisting of a succulent pericarp - the mace arillus covering the hard endocarp, and a wrinkled kernel with ruminated endosperm. When the arillus is fresh it is a brilliant scarlet, when dry more horny, brittle, and a yellowish-brown color. The seed or nutmeg is firm, fleshy, whitish, transversed by red-brown veins, abounding in oil. The tree does not bloom until it is nine years old when it fruits and continues to do so for seventy-five years without attention. In Banda Islands, there are three harvests, the chief one in July or August, the next in November, and the last in March or April. The fruit is gathered utilizing a barb attached to a long stick. The mace is separated from the nut and both are dried separately. The nutmeg or kernel of the fruit and the arillus or mace are the official parts.