Limonitum(Limonite).

TCM Herbalism:Medicinals and Classifications. ✵The TCM herbalism is also known as pharmaceutics of Traditional Chinese Medicine, or Chinese pharmaceutics, is the branch of health science dealing with the preparation, dispensing, and proper utilization of Chinese herbs. It is majorly composed of Introduction of Chinese Medicinals, Classification of Chinese Herbs, Formulas, and Patent medicines.

Classifications of Herbs:Astringents and Hemostatics Herbs.

 TCM Herbs Icon15 Introduction:Astringents and Hemostatics Herbs:also known as discharge-arresting herbs, an agent or substance that arrests discharges such as sweat, diarrhea, urine, blood, leukorrhea and semen.

 
Classifications of Herbs.

 TCM Herbs Icon 15 Introduction: The Astringents and Hemostatics Herbs. are known including:, , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , .

 ✵Till the date March 19th, 2020, there are Totally [19] kinds of common TCM herbs, [16] kinds of related plant species, [9] kinds of related animals species, [2] kinds of related minerals, [1] kind of related inorganic substance, are recorded in this category. These Astringents and Hemostatics Herbs. are briefly introduced separately:

 
Limonitum(Limonite).

 Limonitum Brief Introduction: The Herb Limonitum is brownish iron ore, mainly composed of basic iron oxide[FeO(OH)], used as an astringent for the treatment of chronic diarrhea or dysentery, menorrhagia, and leukorrhagia. The herb is commonly known as Limonite, Yǔ Yú Liánɡ.

 ✵Common official herbal classics and other famous herbal classics defined the herb Limonitum(Limonite) as brownish iron ore which mainly composed of basic iron oxide[FeO(OH)]. This commonly used mineral is introduced as:

 Limonite Brownish iron ore: Limonite, amorphous. Often become a grape shape, kidney shape, breast shape, block shape, soil shape and so on aggregate. The color is brown to black, if be earthy, it is russet or yellow. The streaks are yellowish-brown. Semi-metallic or earthy luster, sometimes of silk. Opaque. The cross-section is crust-like or soil-like. The hardness is 1~5.5, the proportion is 3.6~4.0.

 Ecological environment: It is mainly composed by the iron ore containing oxidation decomposition, and then by hydrolysis collection and deposition. The main production areas are middle reaches area of the Yellow River, the lower reaches area of the Yangtze River.

 Limonite Trait identification: this herb assumes ovoid tuberculous shape, have a core or hollow, but integrity is rare; Usually the shell is separated from the core, and the shell is broken into irregular residual square blocks or flat blocks, with different sizes and thickness. Surface more uneven; Khaki, tawny and brown; Rough inner surface, with yellow powder; Weight quality is firm, but can be smashed, section layer shape, color and luster is different, earthy yellow, brown, purple brown, gray and blue; Each layer thickness is not equal, general brown layer or purple-brown layer is the thickest. The nutty nut is nearly round and round, with a rough surface and fine powder. Yellowish-brown to brown; Section is not hierarchical, but there are many honeycomb holes; After some break, without core, have yellow pink, the dirty finger that the hand touches, slippery feeling slightly. The smell of soil is weak.

 
 

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