Fructus Rubi(Palmleaf Raspberry Fruit).

TCM Herbalism:Medicinals and Classifications. ✵The TCM herbalism is also known as pharmaceutics of Traditional Chinese Medicine, or Chinese pharmaceutics, is the branch of health science dealing with the preparation, dispensing, and proper utilization of Chinese herbs. It is majorly composed of Introduction of Chinese Medicinals, Classification of Chinese Herbs, Formulas, and Patent medicines.

Classifications of Herbs:Astringents and Hemostatics Herbs.

 TCM Herbs Icon15 Introduction:Astringents and Hemostatics Herbs:also known as discharge-arresting herbs, an agent or substance that arrests discharges such as sweat, diarrhea, urine, blood, leukorrhea and semen.

Classifications of Herbs.

 TCM Herbs Icon 15 Introduction: The Astringents and Hemostatics Herbs. are known including:, , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , .

 ✵Till the date March 19th, 2020, there are Totally [19] kinds of common TCM herbs, [16] kinds of related plant species, [9] kinds of related animals species, [2] kinds of related minerals, [1] kind of related inorganic substance, are recorded in this category. These Astringents and Hemostatics Herbs. are briefly introduced separately:

Fructus Rubi(Palmleaf Raspberry Fruit).

 Fructus Rubi Brief Introduction: The Herb Fructus Rubi is the steamed and dried fruit of Rubus chingii Hu(family Rosaceae), used as an astringent for the treatment of frequent micturition, enuresis, and seminal emission. The herb is commonly known as Fructus Rubi, Palmleaf Raspberry Fruit, Fù Pén Zi.

 ✵Common official herbal classics defined the herb Fructus Rubi(Fu Pen Zi), or the Palmleaf Raspberry Fruit(Fu Pen Zi) as the dry fruit of the Rosaceae family Rubus L. genus plant species (1). Rubus chingii Hu. Other famous herbal classics defined the herb Fructus Rubi(Fu Pen Zi) as the unripe fruit of the Rosaceae family Rubus L. genus plant species (1). Rubus chingii Hu., or (2). Rubus coreanus Miq. These 2 commonly used species are introduced as:

 Rubus chingii Hu. (1).Rubus chingii Hu.: The Rubus chingii Hu., is a plant of the Rosaceae family Rubus L. genus, it is commonly known as "Rubus chingii Hu.", or "Dōng Huá Fù Pén Zi(East China Raspberry)", or "Zhǎng Yè Fù Pén Zi(Palmleaf Raspberry)". Leaves simple, suborbicular, 4~9 cm in diameter, both surfaces pilose or glabrous only along leaf veins, base cordate, margin palmate, deeply lobed, sparsely 3 or 7-lobed, lobes elliptic or ribose-ovate, apex acuminate, base narrowed, upper and distal lobes subequal or slightly longer, with heavy serrate, 5-veined palmate; petiole 2~4 cm long, micropilose or glabrous, sparsely Small prickles; stipules linear-lanceolate.

 Rubus chingii Hu. Single flowered axillary, 2.5~4 cm in diam.; pedicel 2~4 cm long, glabrous; calyx hairs thin or subglabrous; sepals ovate or ovate-oblong, apically convex, outside Densely pubescent; petals elliptic or ovate-oblong, white, apically rounded, 1~1.5 cm long, 0.7~1.2 cm wide; stamens numerous, filaments broadly flat; pistil numerous, pilose.

 Rubus chingii Hu. Ecological environment: The Rubus chingii Hu., roots are distributed shallowly and grow in moist, water-free soil. The wild state is mostly distributed in forest margins or in sparse forests and where there are more moist soils in the ditch, canal, road, and hillside. It grows in low-to-middle-altitude areas, it is common on the hillside, in the stream or hillside forest, roadside sun, or overcast bushes. Geographical distribution: This species mainly distributed in China provinces the lower reaches area of the Yangtze River, Zhujiang river area, and is concentrated in the Deqing-Sanqingshan area of ​​Jiangxi province.

 Rubus chingii Hu. The growing environment: Although most of the natural growth environment soil layer is shallow, the soil is loose and rich in humus, it likes the sun and cold, it is not resistant to sun exposure.

 Trait identification: dry aggregate fruit for the majority of small fruit collection, all conical, oblate or spherical, diameter 4~9 mm, 5~12 mm high. The surface is grey-green with grey-white velvet. Upper part obtuse, bottom flat, involucre brownish, 5-lobed, involucre covered with brown hairs, often with fruit stalks below, brittle and easily shed. Small fruit easy to peel, each small fruit with three edges, half moon shape, back dense gray-white pilose, two sides have obvious reticular grain, containing 1 brown seed. It is fresh and slightly sour. It is better to have a big, full, whole, firm, grey-green, leafless one.

 Rubus chingii Hu. Main value: There are many pieces of research on medicinal properties, and there are a few pieces of research on health foods and other researches, especially about the preservation and utilization of processing. The Rubus genus is full of treasure. The bark contains tannins, fibers, leaves can be used for tea, sweeteners, medicinal, tannins. The flower is an important source of honey plants, fruit edible, medicinal, processed beverages, jams, brewing, sugar, vinegar, juice, etc. supplied at home and abroad. Seeds can be used medicinally, pressed oil, roots can be medicinal, root bark containing tannins, the whole plant can be used as a medicine, green ornamental trees and so on. The folks use their fruit brew wine, make jams, squeeze juice to prepare drinks.

 Medicinal value: The Rubus chingii Hu., or Palmleaf Raspberry is the only one of 194 species of Raspberry that was selected and defined as the official botanical origin in the official herbal classics.

 Rubus coreanus Miq. (2).Rubus coreanus Miq.: The Rubus coreanus Miq., is a plant of the Rosaceae family Rubus L. genus, it is commonly known as "Rubus coreanus Miq.", or "Cha Tian Pao". Shrubs, 1~3 meters tall; branches thick, reddish-brown, covered with white powder, with suberect or hook-shaped flat prickles. Leaves usually 5, 3 thin, ovate, ovate-ovate or broadly ovate, long 2~8 cm, width 2~5 cm, apex acute, base cuneate to suborbicular, glabrous above or leaves pubescent only along veins, sparsely pilose below or pubescent only along leaf veins, margins irregularly serrulate or crenulate-sawn, distal tips sometimes 3-lobed, petiole 2~5 cm, The primary petiole is 1~2 cm long, lateral leaflets subsessile, leafy pubescent and sparsely hooked; small priests; stipules linear-lanceolate, villous.

  The corymbs are born at the apical side of the lateral branches, with several to 30-flowered flowers, and the pedicels and pedicels are gray pubescent; pedicels 5~10 mm long; bracts linear, pubescent; flower diameter 7~10 mm Calyx outside grayish pubescent; sepals long ovate to ovate-lanceolate, 4~6 mm long, apex acuminate, margin pilose, when flowering, fruit when reflexed; petals obovate, pale red to dark Red, nearly as long as or slightly shorter than sepals; stamens shorter or nearly as long as petals, flower ribbon pink; pistil numerous; styles glabrous, ovary sparsely pubescent.

  Fruit nearly spherical, 5~8 mm in diam., dark red to purple-black, glabrous or subglabrous; nucleus wrinkled. It is flowering from April to June, fruiting from June to August.

 Rubus coreanus Miq. The hairs under the leaves of this species are changed greatly, often on the same plant or on the same shoots, most of the leaves below the leaves are glabrous or only pilose along the veins, but fewer leaves are still densely covered with short downs, this is the case with specimens in peak mountain areas.

  Ecological environment:The Rubus coreanus Miq., grows on hillside shrubs or valleys, rivers, and roadsides that are 100~1,700 meters above sea level. Geographical distribution: This species is mainly distributed in the lower reaches area of the Yangtze River, northwest, southwest of China.


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