✵The TCM herbalism is also known as pharmaceutics of Traditional Chinese Medicine, or Chinese pharmaceutics, is the branch of health science dealing with the preparation, dispensing, and proper utilization of Chinese herbs. It is majorly composed of Introduction of Chinese Medicinals, Classification of Chinese Herbs, Formulas, and Patent medicines.
Classifications of Herbs:Antitussives Herbs.
Introduction: Antitussives Herbs: an agent or substance herbs that stops coughing.
Brief Introduction: The herb Cortex Syringae is the dried stem-bark of Syringa reticulata(Bl.) Hara var.mandshurica(Maxim.) Hara(family Oleaceae), used as an antipyretic, antitussive and diuretic for treating acute or chronic bronchitis, asthma, and cardiac edema. The herb is commonly known as Cortex Syringae, Bào Mǎ Zǐ Pí.
✵The herb Cortex Syringae is the dried stem-bark of Syringa reticulata(Bl.) Hara var.mandshurica(Maxim.) Hara, it is a plant of Syringa Linn. Genus, the Oleaceae family of the Contortae order. It is also known as Bào Mǎ Zǐ Pi.
Common official herbal classics and other famous herbal classics defined the herb Cortex Syringae as the dried stem-bark of:(1). Syringa reticulata(Bl.) Hara var.mandshurica(Maxim.) Hara. This commonly used species is introduced as:
(1).Syringa reticulata(Bl.)Hara var.mandshurica(Maxim.)Hara.: Small deciduous trees, 4~10 meters tall. Bark purple-grayish brown, with fine cracks. Branch green or slightly purple halo, sparse lenticels. Leaves opposite; Petiole 1~2.5 cm long, glabrous; Leaf blade thickly papery, broadly ovate, ovate to elliptic ovate, or oblong-lanceolate, 2.5~13 cm long, 1~6 cm wide, apex shortly caudate to caudate acuminate or acute, base often rounded. Panicles growing from 1 to 1 at most opposite lateral shoots on the same branch; Inflorescence axis lenticular; Pedicels 2 mm long; Calyx 1.5~2 mm long, calyx teeth obtuse, convex or truncated; Corolla white, radial, 4~5 mm in diameter, corolla tube ca. 1.5 mm, lobes ovate, 2~3 mm long, apex acute; Filaments slender, stamens nearly twice as long as corolla lobes, anthers yellow. Capsule oblong, 1.5~2 cm long, apex often obtuse, or acute, convex, smooth or with minute lenticels. The tree is flowering from June to July, fruiting from August to October.
Ecological environment: It grows in thickets, forest margins or mixed coniferous and broad-leaved forests on slopes with altitude 100~ 1,200 meters. Cultivated. Resources distribution: It is distributes in north, westnorth, and other areas of China.
Trait identification: this herb is shallow groove shape or plate shape, concave, different length, thickness 2~7 mm. Outer surface dark gray-brown, smooth skin, shiny, old skin rough, turtle crack; Transverse lenticels elliptic, light brown, emboli thin and tough, can be transverse peel, shed the place shows light yellow to light yellowish-green, microstrip luster. Inner surface is yellowish to yellowish-brown. Brittle, easy to break, the section is not neat. Slightly fragrant, bitter taste.